Cryoprecipitate poor plasma does not improve early response in primary adult thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)

The Western Pennsylvania Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15224, USA.

Journal of Clinical Apheresis. 2001;16((1):):19-22.
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Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a potentially fatal disease that is treated with plasma exchange and typically with replacement with fresh frozen plasma (FFP). This approach results in an approximate 50% response rate following 1 week of therapy and 80% survival. Cryoprecipitate poor plasma (CPP) is plasma from which the cryoprecipitate fraction is removed. CPP has been reported to be successful as salvage therapy in refractory TTP and has been suggested to be superior to FFP in retrospective studies. The present report compares initial therapy of TTP with exchange using replacement with either FFP or CPP in a multi-institutional prospective randomized study performed by the North American TTP Group (NATG Group) from 1993 to 1995. Initial therapy also included corticosteroids. Antiplatelet drugs or vinca alkaloids were not employed. A severity score index, response score, and individual clinical parameters (platelet count, LDH x upper limit of normal, hemoglobin level, and creatinine) were compared at their nadir or peak values, baseline, and days +6 and +13 of therapy. Thirteen patients were randomized to FFP exchange and 14 to CPP exchange. Results were equivalent for all parameters. Survival was equal with three deaths in each group. These data indicate that the efficacy of FFP and CPP are the same in the initial treatment of TTP in adults.
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Language : English
Credits : Bibliographic data from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine