The use of trauma transfusion pathways for blood component transfusion in the civilian population: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Department of Surgery, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Western Ontario Trauma Program, London Health Sciences Centre Centre for Critical Illness Research Division of Critical Care, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, Can

Transfusion Medicine. 2012;22((3):):156-66.
This study was undertaken to determine if, amongst civilian trauma patients requiring massive transfusion (MT), the use of a formal trauma transfusion pathway (TTP), in comparison with transfusion without a TTP, is associated with a reduction in mortality, or changes in indices of coagulation, blood product utilisation and complications. A systematic review of three bibliographic databases, reference lists and conference proceedings was conducted. Studies were included if comparisons were made between patients receiving transfusion with and without a TTP. Data were extracted by two independent reviewers on population characteristics, transfusion strategies, blood product utilisation, indices of coagulation, clinical outcomes and complications. Data were pooled using a random effects model and heterogeneity explored. Seven observational studies met all eligibility criteria. Amongst 1801 patients requiring MT, TTPs were associated with a significant reduction in mortality (RR 0.69, 95% CI 0.55, 0.87). No significant increase in the mean number of PRBC transfused between TTP and control patients was seen (MD -1.17 95% CI -2.70, 0.36). When studies assessing only trauma patients were considered, TTPs were associated with a reduction in the mean number of units of plasma transfused (MD -2.63, 95% CI -4.24, -1.01). In summary, the use of TTPs appears to be associated with a reduction in mortality amongst trauma patients requiring MT without a clinically significant increase in the number of PRBC transfused and a potential reduction in plasma transfusion. Effects of TTPs on platelet transfusion, indices of coagulation and complications remain unclear. A randomised controlled trial is warranted. Copyright 2012 The Authors. Transfusion Medicine Copyright 2012 British Blood Transfusion Society. DO
Study details
Study Design : Systematic Review
Language : English
Credits : Bibliographic data from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine