The effects of low-thrombin fibrin sealant on wound serous drainage, seroma formation and length of postoperative stay in patients undergoing axillary node dissection for breast cancer. A randomized controlled trial
Unit of General and Geriatric Surgery, Department of Medical, Surgical, Neurological, Metabolic and Ageing Sciences, Second University of Naples, Piazza Miraglia 5, 80138 Naples, Italy. email@example.com
International Journal Of Surgery. 2014;12((11):):1210-5.
BACKGROUND Breast cancer surgery with axillary lymphadenectomy may be associated with prolonged stay of the drain in the axilla due to high wound output, which may require further treatments and prolong the length of stay, impairing quality of life. No definitive data are available concerning how to prevent this complication. Our aim was to assess the efficacy of a new
low-thrombin fibrin glue in reducing the serous output from the axillary surgical wound in patients undergoing axillary node dissection for breast cancer, and its long-term effects on lymphedema. METHODS Sixty patients undergoing surgery between September 2012 and June 2013 were enrolled. Thirty patients received Artiss(Baxter, UK) fibrin glue plus drainage, and 30 drainage alone. A multivariate analysis was performed to identify predictors of seroma, and subgroup analyses were performed. Lymphedema was assessed 12 months after surgery. RESULTS Patients who received fibrin glue had reduced serum output collected in the drain after surgery (94.3 +/- 22.4 vs 176 +/- 24.6 ml p < 0.001) and shorter length of postoperative hospital stay (p = 0.001). Incidence of seroma at 4-week follow-up did not differ between groups. At multivariate analysis, BMI > 30 kg/m(2) was the only independent predictor of seroma formation (OR = 2.7, 95%CI 1.4-5.3; p = 0.002). Overweight patients receiving Artiss had fewer seroma at 4-week follow-up compared with control overweight patients (0% vs 55.6%, p = 0.03). No differences were observed in lymphedema between groups (6.7% vs 10%, p > 0.99). CONCLUSIONS Low-thrombin fibrin glue reduced the amount of fluid produced in the axilla after breast surgery. Overweight patients may be the ideal candidates for this treatment. Such sealant did not increase the rates of lymphedema.