Management of bleeding in major burn surgery

Section for Transfusion Medicine, Rigshospitalet, Capital Region Blood Bank, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: harald.sorwad.welling@regionh.dk. Department of Clinical Immunology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: sisse.rye.ostrowski@regionh.dk. Section for Transfusion Medicine, Rigshospitalet, Capital Region Blood Bank, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Anaesthesiology, Centre of Head and Orthopaedics, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: jakob.stensballe@regionh.dk. Department of Anaesthesiology, Centre of Head and Orthopaedics, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: martin.risom.vestergaard.01@regionh.dk. Department of Burn Surgery, Centre of Head and Orthopaedics, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: soeren.partoft@regionh.dk. Department of Intensive Care, Abdominal Centre, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark. Electronic address: jonathan.oliver.white@regionh.dk. Section for Transfusion Medicine, Rigshospitalet, Capital Region Blood Bank, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Surgery, Division of Acute Care Surgery, Centre for Translational Injury Research (CeTIR), University of Texas Medical School at Houston, TX, USA; Centre for Systems Biology, The School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, University of Iceland, Iceland. Electronic address: per.johansson@regionh.dk.

Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries. 2018
Abstract
Major burn surgery is often associated with excessive bleeding and massive transfusion, and the development of a coagulopathy during major burn surgery is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to review the literature on intraoperative haemostatic resuscitation of burn patients during necrectomy to reveal strategies applied for haemostatic monitoring and resuscitation. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and CENTRAL for studies published in the period 2006-2017 concerning bleeding issues related to burn surgery i.e. coagulopathy, transfusion requirements and clinical outcomes. In a broad search, a total of 1375 papers were identified. 124 of these fulfilled the inclusion criteria, and six of these were included for review. The literature confirmed that transfusion requirements increases with burn injury severity and that haemostatic monitoring by TEG((R)) (thrombelastography) or ROTEM((R)) (rotational thromboelastometry) significantly decreased intraoperative transfusions and was useful in predicting and goal-directing haemostatic therapy during excision surgery. Resuscitation of bleeding during major burn surgery in many instances was neither standardized nor haemostatic. We suggest that resuscitation should aim for normal haemostasis during the bleeding phase through close haemostatic monitoring and resuscitation. Randomised controlled trials are highly warranted to confirm the benefit of this concept.
Study details
Study Design : Systematic Review
Language : English
Credits : Bibliographic data from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine