The application of fibrin sealant for the prevention of lymphocele after lymphadenectomy in patients with gynecological malignancies: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Department of Surgical Oncology, Metaxa Memorial Cancer Hospital, Piraeus, Greece; Department of Gynecological Oncology, Metaxa Memorial Cancer Hospital, Piraeus, Greece. Electronic address: email@example.com. Department of Gynecological Oncology, Metaxa Memorial Cancer Hospital, Piraeus, Greece.
PURPOSE The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between the use of fibrin-collagen sealants on lymph node dissection areas and formation of lymphocele after lymphadenectomy in patients with gynecological malignancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS A systematic search of 5 electronic databases for articles published up to November 2018 was performed. All randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) which
reported outcomes after application of fibrin collagen agents in patients who underwent lymphadenectomy for gynecological malignancies, were finally included in the present meta-analysis. Statistical meta-analysis was performed using the RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS A total of 6 RCTs which recruited 481 patients were included in the present study. Meta-analysis revealed significantly decreased total amount of drained fluid and of mean duration of drainage in fibrin sealant group when compared to control, (187 patients MD -86.40ml 95% CI -100.2 to -72.60 p<0.00001 and 113 patients MD -1.00days 95% CI -1.13 to -0,87 p<0.00001, respectively). No difference in overall incidence of lymphocele and in the incidence of symptomatic ones among the two groups was observed (592 cases OR 0.61 95% CI 0.36 to 1.05 p=0.08, and 444 cases OR 0.59 95% CI 0.26 to 1.35 p=0.22, respectively). CONCLUSIONS The present meta-analysis supports the safety of the use of fibrin sealants in women undergoing pelvic and/or para-aortic lymphadenectomy due to gynecologic cancer but its benefit remains uncertain. It was found effective in reducing the duration and volume of drainage, but it was not associated with difference in the incidence of lymphocele. Further studies are required to confirm our conclusion and broaden our knowledge about its impact on other parameters.