Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, PR China. Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, PR China. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery. 2019
The efficacy of tranexamic acid in orthognathic surgery remains controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the influence of tranexamic acid on blood loss for orthognathic surgery. We performed a search of PubMed, Embase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases through October 2017 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of tranexamic acid versus
placebo on orthognathic surgery. Meta-analysis was performed using the random-effects model. Six RCTs were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, compared with placebo in orthognathic surgery, tranexamic acid administration results in significantly decreased blood loss [mean difference (MD)=-159.73; 95% confidence interval (CI)=-236.42 to -83.03; P<0.0001], and higher postoperative haemoglobin (MD=0.71; 95% CI=0.11 to 1.31; P=0.02), but has no remarkable impact on postoperative haematocrit (MD=1.23; 95% CI=-1.22 to 3.69; P=0.33) and operation time (MD=-2.35; 95% CI=-18.05 to 13.36; P=0.77). In addition, patients with orthognathic surgery need decreased amounts of irrigant fluid (MD=-229.23; 95% CI=-399.63 to -58.83; P=0.008) after using tranexamic acid. We concluded that tranexamic acid promotes the bleeding control in orthognathic surgery.