Pseudomonas aeruginosa belongs to the most frequent pathogens isolated from patients with burns. In a mouse model for artificial burns it was found that prophylactic administration of a hyperimmune globulin with antibody titres against P. aeruginosa (Fisher immunotypes 1, 2, 4 and 6) reduced mortality. Therefore, the prophylactic administration of Pseudomonas immunoglobulin was examined in a prospective randomized study in
two groups of 13 patients each. Severely burned patients with at least second degree burns over 30% to 70% of the total body surface area received 250 mg Pseudomonas immunoglobulin/kg body weight by the intravenous route between days 3 and 13. After treatment, plasma IgG levels were significantly raised between days 7 and 16 as compared to the controls, yet the incidence of infections caused by P. aeruginosa was not reduced. However, only two of the six infected patients, developed septicaemia, whereas in the control group, local Pseudomonas infection led to septicaemia in five out of seven patients. The number of septicaemic Staphylococcus aureus infections was also lower in patients on immunoglobulin prophylaxis, with two cases compared to four cases in the control group. Due to the limited number of cases studied, statistically significant results could not be obtained, however, there was a positive trend in favour of Pseudomonas immunoglobulin treatment.