Amustaline-glutathione pathogen-reduced red blood cell concentrates for transfusion-dependent thalassaemia

Department of Paediatric Haematology and Oncology, Ege University Hospital, Izmir, Turkey. Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. Ospedale Pediatrico Microcitemico, Universita di Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy. Cerus Corporation, Concord, CA, USA.

British journal of haematology. 2019
Transfusion-dependent thalassaemia (TDT) requires red blood cell concentrates (RBCC) to prevent complications of anaemia, but carries risk of infection. Pathogen reduction of RBCC offers potential to reduce infectious risk. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of pathogen-reduced (PR) Amustaline-Glutathione (A-GSH) RBCC for TDT. Patients were randomized to a blinded 2-period crossover treatment sequence for six transfusions over 8-10 months with Control and A-GSH-RBCC. The efficacy outcome utilized non-inferiority analysis with 90% power to detect a 15% difference in transfused haemoglobin (Hb), and the safety outcome was the incidence of antibodies to A-GSH-PR-RBCC. By intent to treat (80 patients), 12.5 +/- 1.9 RBCC were transfused in each period. Storage durations of A-GSH and C-RBCC were similar (8.9 days). Mean A-GSH-RBCC transfused Hb (g/kg/day) was not inferior to Control (0.113 +/- 0.04 vs. 0.111 +/- 0.04, P = 0.373, paired t-test). The upper bound of the one-sided 95% confidence interval for the treatment difference from the mixed effects model was 0.005 g/kg/day, within a non-inferiority margin of 0.017 g/kg/day. A-GSH-RBCC mean pre-transfusion Hb levels declined by 6.0 g/l. No antibodies to A-GSH-RBCC were detected, and there were no differences in adverse events. A-GSH-RBCCs offer potential to reduce infectious risk in TDT with a tolerable safety profile.
Study details
Language : eng
Credits : Bibliographic data from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine