Efficacy of Feracrylum as Topical Hemostatic Agent in Therapeutically Anticoagulated Patients Undergoing Dental Extraction: A Comparative Study

Unit of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Oral Health Sciences Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, 160012 India.grid.415131.30000 0004 1767 2903

Journal of maxillofacial and oral surgery. 2019;18(4):579-583
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Aims and Objective: To compare the efficacy of feracrylum with tranexamic acid (TXA), following dental extraction in patients who are therapeutically anticoagulated with warfarin. Study Design: Sixty patients on warfarin were randomly divided into three groups. Groups 1 and 2 patients were given feracrylum (1%), and TXA (5%) solution pressure pack and a control group (Group 3) was given normal saline (NS) pressure pack after extraction. Postoperative bleeding was assessed and graded numerically and periodically (0, 1, 2, 5 and 7 days). The values were statistically analyzed. Results: Sixty patients (M:F::37:23) with a mean age of 56 years who were therapeutically anticoagulated for different medical conditions were included. The mean warfarin dosage was 3.5 mg, and the mean INR was 2.83. Out of 27 patients who showed bleeding on day of extraction, eight, ten and nine patients belonged to groups I, II and III, respectively, and the difference was nonsignificant. Out of 15 patients who showed bleeding on post-extraction day 1, one, five and nine patients belonged to groups I, II and III, respectively. The difference was statistically significant on day 1 and nonsignificant in the next follow-ups. Conclusion: Local hemostatic agents like TXA and feracrylum arrest bleeding without having any systemic action and without the necessity of altering the anticoagulant regimen. Feracrylum has an added advantage of a single application, formation of a mechanical barrier and an additional antimicrobial effect. These agents should be incorporated in the protocol for managing patients on oral anticoagulants.
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Language : eng
Credits : Bibliographic data from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine