From the Ilumens Platform of Medical Simulation (D.M., J.B., A.J., J.T., A.T.), Paris Descartes University; Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care (D.M.), Robert Debre Hospital, Paris; LATI Laboratory (A.J., P.C., C.D.), Paris Descartes University, Boulogne; Emergency Department (J.T.), Lariboisiere Hospital; and Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care (A.T.), Georges Pompidou European Hospital, Paris, France.
Simulation in healthcare : journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare. 2019;14(6):391-397
BACKGROUND Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal death in the world. Nontechnical skills (NTS), such as communication and teamwork, are critical for efficient management of this obstetric emergency. Specific scenarios were designed on a screen-based simulator to train NTS. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of training midwives for NTS with a PPH screen-based simulation. METHODS
A total of 24 midwives participated in the study. They were randomized in 2 groups: the NTS group (n = 12) performed 3 screen-based scenarios designed to train NTS and the control group (n = 12) performed 3 basic scenarios of the screen-based simulation without the NTS training. A structured interview followed the simulation. On the same day, each trainee underwent individually an evaluation on a PPH high-fidelity simulation scenario. Three experts, blinded to the study arm, assessed the NTS with the Anesthetists Non-Technical Skills (ANTS) score. RESULTS Midwives from the NTS group achieved higher median scores in each dimension of the ANTS score: task management (4 vs. 2/4, P < 0.0001), team working (4 vs. 2/4, P < 0.0001), situation awareness (4 vs. 2.7/4, P < 0.0001), and decision-making (4 vs. 2/4, P < 0.0001). The median value of the total ANTS score was higher in the NTS group than in the control group (15.5 vs. 8/16, P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS Our study highlights that training with a NTS screen-based simulation, with specific scenarios and debriefing, leads to higher midwives' nontechnical skills performance during simulated postpartum hemorrhage.