Health and Sustainability Research Group, School of Microbiology, University of Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia. Bacteriologist and Clinical Laboratory, General Hospital of Medellin Luz Castro de Gutierrez, University of Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia.
OBJECTIVE Currently, there are discrepancies in the reports on the extent of the reduction in platelet count after platelet donation by apheresis, and its impact on mean platelet volume (MPV). This study was conducted to meta-analyze the effect of plateletpheresis on platelet count and on mean platelet volume, based on studies published between 1980 and 2018. METHODS Medline-Pubmed, Scielo,
ScienceDirect, and Scopus databases were searched from inception to December 31 2019. The PRISMA guidelines, reproducibility, and evaluation of the methodological quality were guaranteed. Heterogeneity was evaluated with DerSimonian-Laird's, publication bias with a Begg's test. Sensitivity analysis and cumulative meta-analysis were also conducted, as well as a forest plot. RESULTS Twenty-five studies with 3769 donors were systematized to analyze platelet count, and seven studies with 1176 donors to observe MPV. Most studies were published in India and the United States. There was a postprocedure reduction in both variables. The reduction in platelet count was 14.3 x 10(3) /muL (95% CI 11.4 to 17.1 x 10(3) muL). The reduction in MPV was 1.43 fL (95% CI 0.3 to 2.5 fL). The analysis of subgroups showed that, in the case of platelet count, the reduction is not statistically significant two weeks after donation. CONCLUSION Platelet donation by apheresis reduces platelet count and MPV in donors, which is detrimental to the purposes of the procedure; although the decrease is not clinically significant for the donor or the recipient. This demonstrates the need for subsequent studies to evaluate variables, such as donation frequency and donation intervals, should be considered to evaluate if the reported decrease is easily compensated, without adverse consequences for donors, or if modifications in donor selection criteria are required.