Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Diseases Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran. Department of Cardiac Surgery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
OBJECTIVES The current study aimed to compare the benefits of topical and low-dose systemic tranexamic acid administration in pediatric cardiac surgery. METHODS A total of 117 children undergoing cardiac surgery for congenital heart disease were assigned into three groups. Patients in the systemic group received 20 mg/kg(-1) tranexamic acid through the cardiopulmonary bypass followed by another dose of 20 mg/kg(-1)
after cardiopulmonary bypass separation. Patients in the topical group were administered with 50 mg/kg(-1) tranexamic acid poured into the pericardium, while the control group received no antifibrinolytics. The outcome measures of bleeding and blood products transfusion were recorded over the first 48 h postoperatively. RESULTS Chest tube drainage was significantly lower in both topical and systemic groups than the control group, but it did not differ between the case groups. Blood products requirement did not show a difference between groups. Neurological or thromboembolic events did not variate among the groups, and no deaths occurred in this study. CONCLUSION Topical or systemic tranexamic acid administration reduced postoperative blood loss effectively without adding an extra risk.