OBJECTIVES Clinical and radiographic evaluation of the regeneration of bilateral necrotic upper permanent central incisors with open apex using blood clot (BC) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) scaffolds. TRIAL DESIGN Split-mouth double-blind parallel arm randomized controlled clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS Randomization and blinding: The study started with 15 patients with bilateral necrotic upper permanent central incisors with open apex. Computer-generated
tables were used to allocate treatments. The two maxillary central incisors were randomly assigned to either the control (BC scaffold) or the examined (PRF scaffold) groups. Participants: Thirteen patients aged 8-14 years fulfilled the study requirements. Follow-up was performed for 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Standardized radiographs were collected each 3 months, and difference in measurements was calculated using Image J software. Primary outcomes measured were sinus/fistula formation, pain complaint, mobility grade, and swelling presence/absence. Radiographic: Root length elongation and increase in root thickness. Secondary outcomes were sensibility test and crown color change. Radiographic: Change in bone density and apical diameter. Radiographs that were standardized used during the follow-up time, and occurred changes were calculated using Image J software. RESULTS One patient was lost during follow-up; therefore, 24 treated teeth were analyzed, they showed 100% success rate. Platelet-rich fibrin teeth displayed a statistically significant growth in radiographic root length and width, increased periapical bone density, and a reduction in apical diameter when compared with BC. At the end of the follow-up period, all treated teeth were negative to sensibility test. Blood clot displayed greater crown discoloration in comparison to PRF group. CONCLUSION For teeth with open apex and necrotic pulp, revascularization using PRF is an appropriate substitute to BC. HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE Rizk HM, Salah AL-Deen MS, Emam AA. Pulp Revascularization/Revitalization of Bilateral Upper Necrotic Immature Permanent Central Incisors with Blood Clot vs Platelet-rich Fibrin Scaffolds-A Split-mouth Double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2020;13(4):337-343.