Inherited bleeding disorders in oral procedures. Assessment of prophylactic and therapeutic protocols: a scoping review

Federal University of Pelotas (UFPEL), Pelotas, RS, Brazil. Meridional University (IMED), Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil. School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas (UFPEL), Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

Australian dental journal. 2020
BACKGROUND This scoping review aimed to map available evidence regarding minor/major oral procedures in patients with inherited bleeding disorders (IBDs). METHODS Studies in medicine or dentistry that reported minor and major oral procedures in individuals presenting IBDs (e.g. hemophilia A or B, von Willebrand disease) were selected. Search and screening were performed in PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library by two independent researchers. RESULTS Initial search yielded 4152 citations, of which 257 were included in the final analysis. Most of the evidence for prophylaxis use was derived from observational studies and the most-commonly reported prophylactic protocols were fresh frozen plasma and factor VIII concentrate. A considerable number of studies reported postoperative complications and hospitalizations. CONCLUSION The present study identified that (1) there is room for new studies to assess the use of antifibrinolytic agents with no factor replacement; (2) to date the use of factor replacement therapy is the most indicated approach when treating patients with IBDs with adjunct systemic or local antifibrinolytic agents to reduce post-operative complications; and (3) there is a critical need for high-quality evidence studies since much of the conclusions of the included studies are not supported by statistical analysis.
Study details
Study Design : Systematic Review
Language : eng
Credits : Bibliographic data from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine