[The role of recombinant human thrombopoietin in critically ill patients with sepsis-associated thrombocytopenia: a clinical study]

Department of Critical Care Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan, China. Corresponding author: Sun Rongqing, Email: rongqing.sun@126.com.

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2020;32(12):1445-1449
Abstract
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of recombinant human thrombogenin (rhTPO) on sepsis-associated thrombocytopenia. METHODS A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. One hundred patients with sepsis-associated thrombocytopenia admitted to the department of critical care medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from August 2019 to October 2020 were enrolled. The enrolled patients were divided into rhTPO-using group (TPO group) and routine group (control group) by random number table method, with 50 cases in each group. Both groups were treated according to the guideline of Sepsis-3. In addition, TPO group received rhTPO 15 000 U, once daily for 7 days. Geneal information and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) were recorded. The levels of platelet count (PLT), blood coagulation function [prothrombin time (PT) and prothrombin activity (PTA)], myocardial enzyme indexes [troponin (Tn) and creatine kinase (CK)], liver and kidney function [aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBil) and creatinine (Cr)] and inflammatory biomarkers [procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP)] were recorded before treatment and 1, 3, 5 and 7 days after treatment. The infusion volume of blood components, duration of mechanical ventilation, length of stay in ICU, total length of hospitalization, total cost of hospitalization and 28-day outcome were recorded. According to whether the PLT was lower than 50×10(9)/L, the patients in TPO group were divided into the TPO A group (PLT ≥ 50×10(9)/L, 16 cases) and TPO B group (PLT < 50×10(9)/L, 34 cases), and the absolute value of PLT increase, duration of mechanical ventilation, length of stay in ICU, total length of hospitalization, total cost of hospitalization and 28-day outcome of the two groups were compared. RESULTS (1) In TPO and control groups, there were no statistically significant differences in gender, age, proportion of patients with primary infection site, APACHEII score, PLT, coagulation function, myocardial enzymes, liver and kidney function and inflammation indexes before treatment (all P > 0.05). (2) The PLT levels of the TPO group were significantly higher than those of the control group on the 5th and 7th day after treatment (×10(9)/L: day 5, 63.94±44.01 vs. 49.85±29.26, day 7, 125.85±112.31 vs. 76.81±50.87, both P < 0.05), and there were no statistically significant differences in PT, PTA, Tn, CK, AST, TBil, Cr, PCT or CRP before and on the 1, 3, 5, 7 days after treatment between TPO and control groups (all P > 0.05). (3) The amount of platelet transfusion in the TPO group was lower than that in the control group [treatment amount: 0 (0, 0) vs 0 (0, 2.00), P = 0.001]. (4) There were no statistically significant differences in mechanical ventilation time, length of stay in ICU, total length of hospitalization, total cost of hospitalization or 28-day outcome between TPO and control groups (all P > 0.05). The mechanical ventilation time, ICU stay time and total hospitalization time of TPO A group were longer than those in TPO B group, but the differences were not statistically significant [mechanical ventilation time (hours): 131.00 (0, 311.00) vs. 50.00 (0, 192.00), ICU stay time (days): 14.44±8.57 vs. 11.73±9.24, total hospitalization time (days): 15.00 (6.00, 23.50) vs. 18.00 (8.00, 31.00), all P > 0.05]. The absolute value of PLT increase in TPO A group was higher than that of TPO B group, but the difference was not statistically significant [×10(9)/L: 65.00 (16.50, 131.50) vs. 36.00 (18.00, 130.00), P > 0.05]. CONCLUSIONS RhTPO can significantly increase the PLT of patients with sepsis-related thrombocytopenia, thereby reduce the amount of platelet transfusion, but it cannot shorten the length of ICU stay time and total hospitalization time, and it cannot reduce 28-day mortality.
Study details
Language : chi
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