Haemonetics Corporation, Boston, MA, U.S.A. University of Witten/Herdecke, Witten, NRW, Germany. ClinStatDevice, Lexington, MA, U.S.A. National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Center, Bethesda, MD, U.S.A.
BACKGROUND Source plasma is essential to support the growing demand for plasma-derived medicinal products. Supply is short, with donor availability further limited by the COVID-19 pandemic. This study examined whether a novel, personalized, technology-based nomogram was non-inferior with regard to significant hypotensive adverse events (AEs) in healthy donors. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS IMPACT (IMproving PlasmA CollecTion) was a prospective, multi-center,
double-blinded, randomized, controlled trial carried out between January 6 and March 26, 2020 in three U.S. plasma collection centers. Donors were randomized to the current simplified 1992 nomogram (control) or a novel Percent Plasma Nomogram (PPN) with personalized target volume calculation (experimental). Primary endpoint was the rate of significant hypotensive AEs. Non-inferiority (NI) was tested with a margin of 0.15%. Collected plasma volume was a secondary endpoint. RESULTS 3,443 donors (Mean [SD] BMI: 32 (7.74) kg/m(2) ; 65% male) underwent 23,137 donations (Median [range]: 6 [1-22] per subject). Ten significant hypotensive AEs were observed (6 control; 4 experimental), with model-based AE incidence rate estimates (95% CI) of 0.051% (0.020%, 0.114%) and 0.035% (0.010%, 0.094%), respectively (p=0.58). NI was met at an upper limit of 0.043% versus the predefined margin of 0.15%. There was no statistical difference between total AE (all AE types: p=0.32). Mean plasma volume collected was 777.8 mL (control) versus 841.7 mL (experimental); an increase of 63.9 mL per donation (8.2%; p<0.0001). CONCLUSION This trial showed that a novel personalized nomogram approach in healthy donors allowed approximately 8% more plasma per donation to be collected without impairing donor safety. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.