The effects of topical erythropoietin on non-surgical treatment of periodontitis: a preliminary study

Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, North Kargar Street, Tehran, Iran. Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, North Kargar Street, Tehran, Iran. negarsabet@rocketmail.com.

BMC oral health. 2021;21(1):240
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Abstract
BACKGROUND The purpose of periodontal treatments is to reduce inflammation, restore gingival health and clinical attachment level gain by controlling microbial plaque formation and other etiological factors. One of the drugs that has been tested in many areas and shown good anti-inflammatory properties is erythropoietin (EPO). We evaluated the effect of this drug on the improvement of periodontitis after the phase I treatment. METHODS This study was conducted on 30 patients with stage III periodontitis who had at least two bilateral teeth with CAL of ≥ 5 mm and PPD ≥ 6 mm at ≥ 2 non-adjacent teeth and bleeding on probing. After oral hygiene instruction and scaling and root planning (SRP), EPO gel containing a solution of 4000 units was applied deeply in the test group and placebo gel was deeply administered in the control pockets (5 times, every other day). The clinical parameters of the plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), clinical attachment level (CAL), probing depth (PD) and bleeding index (BI) were measured at baseline and after three months of follow up. The P-value was set at 0.05. RESULTS All clinical variables improved after treatment in both groups. The BI and GI scores (which reflects the degree of gingival inflammation) showed statistically more reduction in test group. The CAL decreased from 5.1 ± 4.1 to 3.40 ± 2.71 mm; and 5.67 ± 4.32 to 4.33 ± 3.19 mm in test and control group, respectively (P < 0.00). After the treatment, there was a significant greater reduction in CAL and also PD values in test group (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION Local application of EPO gel in adjunct to SRP can improve clinical inflammation and CAL gain in periodontitis. TRIAL REGISTRATION This study was registered at 2017-11-06 in IRCT. All procedures performed in this study were approved with ID number of IR.TUMS.DENTISTRY.REC.1396.3139 in Tehran University of medical science.
Study details
Language : eng
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