Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Umm Al-qura University, Makkah 24225, Saudi Arabia. Dental and Oral Surgery, Umm Al-qura University, Makkah 24225, Saudi Arabia. Preventive Dentistry Department, Dental Public Health Division, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah 24225, Saudi Arabia.
International journal of dentistry. 2021;2021:6686857
METHODS The study included 60 patients according to sample size calculation, recruited from patients seeking tooth extraction at oral and maxillofacial surgery clinic at Umm Al-Qura University, Faculty of Dentistry. Patients were divided into three groups. Group Ӏ included 20 patients managed by advanced platelet-rich fibrin after extraction. Group ӀӀ included 20 patients managed by leukocyte-platelet-rich fibrin after tooth extraction.
Group ӀII included 20 patients left without any addition. Each group was further subdivided into surgical and nonsurgical extraction. Afterwards, patients in each group were assessed for postextraction pain by VAS, number of analgesics, and early soft tissue healing by LWHI. RESULTS The study outcomes demonstrate that the use of A-PRF significantly reduces postoperative pain in the 1(st) and 2(nd) day. VAS pain scores on the first day were significantly higher in the control surgical extraction group and L-PRF nonsurgical extraction group. In early soft tissue healing. The Landry Wound Healing Index (LWHI) was used after 1 and 2 weeks of extraction to evaluate the extraction site. In first week, the A-PRF group and L-PRF group (nonsurgical extraction) had a better healing index when compared to control group, and A-PRF group (surgical extraction) had a best healing index when compared to L-PRF and control groups. In the second week, individuals in the A-PRF group (surgical and nonsurgical extraction) had a better healing index when compared to L-PRF and control groups.