Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin New Territories, Hong Kong SAR. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org. Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin New Territories, Hong Kong SAR.
RESEARCH QUESTION Is there a difference in the ovarian reserve 1 year post-operatively in those who used a haemostatic sealant or bipolar diathermy for haemostasis during laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy for ovarian endometriomas? DESIGN This was an extended follow-up observational study of a previous randomized controlled trial where women aged 18 to 40 years with 3-8 cm unilateral or bilateral endometriomas
were randomized to receive haemostasis by a haemostatic sealant or bipolar diathermy following ovarian cystectomy. The primary outcome was the ovarian reserve as assessed by antral follicle count (AFC) 1 year post-operatively. Secondary outcomes included the recurrence rate of ovarian endometrioma, the change in anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and FSH concentrations, and reproductive outcomes. RESULTS The significant increase in AFC at 3 months after initial surgery (P = 0.025) in the haemostatic sealant group compared with the diathermy group was sustained at 1 year (P = 0.024) but there was no difference in AMH or FSH concentrations between the groups throughout the follow-up period. The recurrence rate in the FloSeal group was 7.7% (n = 3/39) compared with 22.2% (n = 8/36) in the diathermy group (P = 0.060). The recurrence rate in women who had bilateral lesions was significantly higher than those with unilateral lesions (risk ratio 5.33, interquartile range 1.55-18.38). No difference in reproductive outcomes was found between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS Applying haemostatic sealant after laparoscopic cystectomy of ovarian endometriomas produces a significantly greater improvement in AFC, which was apparent at 3-month follow-up, and was sustained at 1-year follow-up without compromising the recurrence rate.