Comparison of 5% minoxidil lotion monotherapy versus its combination with autologous platelet rich plasma in androgenetic alopecia in hundred males

Consultant (Dermatologist), INHS Asvini, Mumbai, India. Chief Dermatologist, Skin Saga Centre for Dermatology, Mumbai, India.

Medical journal, Armed Forces India. 2021;77(3):355-362
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Abstract
BACKGROUND Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is the most common form of alopecia in men, affecting 70% by the age of 20 years. The present study was conducted with the objective of comparing the efficacy of monotherapy with topical 5% minoxidil and its combination with intradermal platelet rich plasma (PRP), in male AGA. METHODS This observational study was conducted at the dermatology department of a tertiary care hospital over a duration of 2 years. 100 patients with AGA were selected and divided randomly into 2 treatment arms: Group A (MM): received topical 5% Minoxidil monotherapy for 12 months and; Group B (M + PRP): received combination therapy of PRP and topical 5% Minoxidil for 12 months. The following parameters were subsequently analyzed on follow up: Physician-assessed global photography by a 4-point improvement scale and trichoscopic improvement of mean hair diameter. RESULTS The combination was statistically superior to the monotherapy group in promoting hair growth in men with AGA for both measures of hair growth - photographic assessment and trichoscopic mean diameter. CONCLUSION We hereby conclude that intradermal PRP injections should be offered to all patients with AGA along with the existing therapeutic modalities, for faster hair regrowth and improved compliance.
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Language : eng
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