Department of Emergency Intensive Care Unit, First Hospital of Quanzhou Affiliated to Fujian Medical University Quanzhou, Fujian Province, China. Department of Oncology Radiotherapy, First Hospital of Quanzhou Affiliated to Fujian Medical University Quanzhou, Fujian Province, China. Department of Orthopedics, First Hospital of Quanzhou Affiliated to Fujian Medical University Quanzhou, Fujian Province, China.
American journal of translational research. 2021;13(6):6817-6826
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to observe the application effect of emergency treatment mode of damage-control orthopedics (DCO) in pelvic fracture complicated with multiple fractures. METHODS Ninety-four patients with pelvic fracture complicated with multiple fractures in our hospital were recruited and divided into two groups according to the random number table method, with 47 cases in each group. Patients in the
control group received traditional methods for emergency treatment (early complete treatment), and patients in the research group received DCO for emergency treatment (treatment performed in stages according to patient's physiological tolerance, with simplified initial surgery, followed by ICU resuscitation, and finally definitive surgery). The two groups were compared in terms of mortality, the incidence of acidosis and hypothermia three days after the first surgery, surgery-related indexes (time of the first surgery, blood transfusion volume, intraoperative blood loss, recovery time of temperature, and length of hospital stay), coagulation function indexes (activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT), prothrombin time (PT) and fibrinogen (FIB)), postoperative reduction of fracture, complication rate, and quality of life. RESULTS The incidences of acidosis, hypothermia, and mortality three days after the first surgery in the research group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the research group experienced shorter time of the first surgery, less intraoperative blood transfusion volume, less intraoperative blood loss, shorter recovery time of body temperature, and shorter length of hospital stay (P<0.05). Seven days after surgery, PT, TT and APTT decreased and FIB increased in both groups (P<0.05), PT, TT and APTT in the research group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05), while FIB was higher (P<0.05). The good rate of reduction in the research group was higher than that in the control group (P=0.025). The incidence of complications in the research group was lower than that in the control group (P=0.049). Six months after surgery, the scores of physiological function (PF), body pain (BP), role physical (RP), emotional function (EF), social function (SF), vitality, and general health (GH) of the research group were higher than those of the control group (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in mental health (MH) between the two groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSION The emergency treatment mode of DCO is effective in pelvic fracture complicated with multiple fractures, which can effectively improve postoperative reduction of patients, improve the coagulation function, reduce complications, and improve the quality of life.