OBJECTIVE This study explored and analyzed the effects of butylphthalide injection on the cognitive function and on the TLRs/NF-κB pathway in hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage patients. METHODS A total of 115 patients admitted to our hospital with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhages were recruited as the study cohort and randomly placed in the observation group (n=60) or the control group (n=55). In addition
to the routine treatment administered in both groups, the control group was additionally administered oral nimodipine tablets, and the observation group was administered intravenous butylphthalide injections. Both groups were treated continuously for 14 days. Subsequently, the changes in the clinical efficacy, the NIHSS scores, the extremity motor function, the Fugl-Meyer scores, the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), the TLR2, TLR9, and the NF-κB mRNA levels in the two groups before and after the treatment were compared, and any adverse reactions were observed. RESULTS The total effective rate in the observation group was significantly superior to the total effective rate in the control group (P<0.05). The post-treatment NIHSS scores in the two groups were dramatically lower (P<0.05), and the post-treatment scores in the observation group were significantly lower than they were in the control group (P<0.05). The post-treatment cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) albumin and BBB indexes in the two groups were decreased significantly compared to their pre-treatment levels (P<0.05), and the post-treatment indexes in the observation group were significantly lower than the post-treatment indexes in the control group (P<0.05). The post-treatment relative TLR2, TLR9, and NF-κB mRNA expressions in the two groups were apparently lower than their in pre-treatment levels (P<0.05), and the relative expressions in the observation group after the treatment were clearly lower than they were in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION Butylphthalide injection has a high clinical efficacy in treating hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhages. The drug can effectively improve patients' cognitive functions, extremity motor functions, and BBB indexes, and its mechanism may connect with the expressive suppression of the TLRs/NF-κB signaling pathway. The treatment is safe and effective, so it is worthy of clinical promotion.