BACKGROUND Autologous platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF) is an adjunctive method for diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) in addition to glycaemic control and debridement. This study aimed to evaluate the role of A-PRF + hyaluronic acid (HA), A-PRF and sodium chloride 0.9% (control) in DFU wound healing. Nowaday, the use of PRF autologous consider as adjuvant therapy in DFU treatment. METHODS This open-label
randomized controlled trial was conducted at Koja District Hospital and Gatot Soebroto Hospital from July 2019 to April 2020. DFU patients with wound duration of three months, Wagner-2, and ulcer size < 40 cm2 were recruited and randomly assigned into A-PRF + AH, A-PRF and control group. On day-0, day-3 and day -7, samples and photographs were taken. Samples were analysed with ELISA and photographs were analysed with ImageJ to calculate granulation index (GI). Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 20. RESULTS Topical therapy with A-PRF + AH was associated with a significant increase in VEGF from day 0 (232.8 pg/mg) vs day 7 (544.5 pg/mg) compared to A-PRF on day 0 (185.7 pg/mg) vs day 7 (272.8 pg/mg), and the controls on day 0 (183.7 pg/mg) vs day 7 (167.4 pg/mg). On evaluation of VEGF swab, there is increasing significantly in A-PRF+HA group compare others group in day -3 ( p=0.022) and day -7 (p= 0.001).In the A-PRF + AH group, there was a significant decrease in IL-6 from day 0 (106.4 pg/mg) vs day 7 (88.7 pg/mg) compared with PRF on day 0 (91.9 pg/mg) vs day 7 (48,8 pg/mg). IL-6 was increased in the control group from day 0 (125.3 pg/mg) vs day 7 (167.9 pg/mg). On evaluation of IL-6 swab, there is decreasing significantly in A-PRF+HA group compare others group in day -7 (p= 0.041). CONCLUSION The PRF + HA combination increased angiogenesis and reduced inflammation in DFUs and may represent a new DFU therapy.