Department of Neurosurgery, Chongqing General Hospital, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences.China. Department of Neurology, Central Hospital of Jiangjin District, Chongqing, China. Electronic address: email@example.com.
The American journal of emergency medicine. 2021;50:748-752
BACKGROUND The efficacy of tranexamic acid for subarachnoid hemorrhage remains controversial. Thus, we conduct this meta-analysis to explore the efficacy of tranexamic acid for subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of tranexamic acid on subarachnoid hemorrhage were included. Two investigators independently searched articles,
extracted data, and assessed the quality of included studies. This meta-analysis was performed using the random-effect model. RESULTS Five RCTs and 2359 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, compared with control intervention for subarachnoid hemorrhage, tranexamic acid was associated with significantly reduced risk of rebleeding (Odd ratio [OR] =0.62; 95% confidence interval [CI] =0.41 to 0.93; P = 0.02), but had no influence on mortality (OR = 0.94; 95% CI = 0.75 to 1.18; P = 0.61), poor outcome (OR = 0.95; 95% CI = 0.61 to 1.48; P = 0.82), hydrocephalus (OR = 1.17; 95% CI = 0.94 to 1.46; P = 0.17) or delayed cerebral ischemia (OR = 1.26; 95% CI = 0.78 to 2.04; P = 0.34). CONCLUSIONS Tranexamic acid may be effective to reduce the risk of rebleeding in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage.