Leukocyte-Rich and Leukocyte-Poor Platelet-Rich Plasma in Rotator Cuff Repair: A Meta-analysis

College of Health Science, Wuhan Sports University, Wuhan, China. School of Health Sciences, Wuhan Sports University, Wuhan, China. Department of Sports Medicine, Affiliated Hospital, Wuhan Sports University, Wuhan, China.

International journal of sports medicine. 2022
To systematically review of randomized controlled trials(RCTs) to compared the effects of leukocyte-rich and leukocyte-poor platelet-rich plasma in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Two independent reviewers comprehensively searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library databases according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Comparison of leukocyte-rich platelet-rich plasma or leukocyte-poor platelet-rich plasma in rotator cuff repair in a level I RCTs. Methodological quality assessment was carried out using Cochrane Review Manager 5.3 software. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Nine RCTs with 540 patients were included in this review. Meta-analysis showed that leukocyte-poor platelet-rich plasma in significantly reduced retear rate in rotator cuff repair [RR=0.56 95%CI (0.42,0.75); P<0.05), and in clinical results, the constant score [MD=3.67, 95%CI (1.62,5.73); P=0.0005], UCLA score [MD=1.60, 95%CI (0.79,2.42); P=0.0001], ASES score [MD=2.16, 95%CI(0.12,4.20);P=0.04] were significantly improved. There was a significant result in favor of PRP for the Constant score [MD=-1.24, 95%CI(-1.50,-0.99); P<0.00001], while SST scores were not significantly different among all groups [MD=0.21, 95%CI(-0.21,0.64); P=0.32]. In conclusion, leukocyte-poor platelet-rich plasma can improved the clinical function and reduced retear rate in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. In contrast, the efficacy of leukocyte-rich platelet-rich plasma was not significantly improved with the exception of VAS score.
Study details
Study Design : Systematic Review
Language : eng
Credits : Bibliographic data from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine