Department of Neurological Surgery, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, 710 West 168(th) Street, New York 10032, NY, USA. Electronic address: email@example.com. Department of Neurological Surgery, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, 710 West 168(th) Street, New York 10032, NY, USA.
BACKGROUND While clinical guidelines provide a framework for hospital management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), variation in the resource utilization and costs of these services exist. OBJECTIVES Perform a systematic literature review to assess the evidence on hospital resource utilization and costs associated with management of adult ICH patients, as well as identify factors that impact variation in such hospital
resource utilization and costs, regarding clinical characteristics and delivery of services. METHODS A systematic literature review was performed using PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Ovid MEDLINE(R) 1946 to Present. Articles were assessed against inclusion and exclusion criteria. Study design, ICH sample size, population, setting, objective, hospital characteristics, hospital resource utilization and cost data, and main study findings were abstracted. RESULTS 43 studies met the inclusion criteria. Pertinent clinical characteristics that increased hospital resource use included presence of comorbidities and baseline ICH severity. Aspects of service delivery that greatly impacted hospital resource consumption included ICU length of stay and performance of surgical procedures and intensive care procedures. CONCLUSION Hospital resource utilization and costs for ICH patients were high and differed widely across studies. Making concrete conclusions on hospital resources and costs for ICH care was constrained given methodological and patient variation in the studies. Future research should evaluate the long-term cost-effectiveness of ICH treatment interventions and use specific economic evaluation guidelines and common data elements to mitigate study variation.