Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. Transfusion Medicine Unit, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. National Blood Centre, Thai Red Cross Society, Bangkok, Thailand.
BACKGROUND Recent studies revealed the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency prevalence of 7.7-10% among Thai blood donors. Transfusion of red blood cells (RBCs) from these subjects potentially causes haemolysis in recipients. METHODS RBC units from the National Blood Centre were sampled to assess G-6-PD levels using spectrophotometry. Patients with pure underproduction anaemia requiring blood transfusion were randomised to receive G-6-PD-deficient versus
normal ABO-matched RBCs. Pre- and 48-h post-transfusion indirect bilirubin, haemoglobin, haematocrit, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and haptoglobin were measured. RESULTS From April 2020 to March 2021, 374 RBC units were tested for G-6-PD, and that 25 were found to be G-6-PD deficient. Twelve units of G-6-PD-deficient RBCs and 14 units of normal RBCs were given to patients who met the inclusion criteria. The median (interquartile range) increases of indirect bilirubin in G-6-PD-deficient (N = 11) versus normal RBCs (N = 13) were + 0.12 (0.27) versus + 0.01 (1.3) mg/dl, p = 0.030), respectively. The median increases of haemoglobin were 1.00 (0.50) versus + 0.80 (0.95), p = 0.910, respectively. The increases in haematocrit were 2.59 (1.9) versus 2.29 (2.1), p = 0.733, respectively. There were no significant differences in changes of LDH and haptoglobin levels and no transfusion reactions. DISCUSSION G-6-PD-deficient packed red cells were associated with mildly elevated indirect bilirubin after transfusion, but there was no observed clinical symptoms.