Intravenous Ferric Carboxymaltose Improves Response to Postoperative Anemia Following Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial in Asian Cohort

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Eunpyeong St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 03312, Korea.

Journal of clinical medicine. 2022;11(9)
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Abstract
BACKGROUND Ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) is an intravenous (IV) high-dose iron that is effective in the treatment of iron deficiency anemia. This study was performed to determine whether postoperative FCM infusion is effective at improving hemoglobin (Hb) responders, Hb and iron profiles, and the patient's quality of life (QOL). METHODS A total of 110 patients with postoperative anemia, defined by a Hb < 10 g/dL within 3 days of unilateral primary TKA, between June 2018 and February 2020 were randomized into either the FCM or Control group. On postoperative day 3, the FCM group (55 patients) received IV FCM while the Control group (55 patients) did not. The Hb responders (Hb increase ≥ 2 g/dL compared to baseline), Hb level, iron profiles (ferritin, total iron-binding capacity (TIBC), transferrin saturation (TSAT)), and EQ-5D scores were compared at weeks 2, 4, and 8. RESULTS The FCM group demonstrated a significantly greater number of Hb responders (p < 0.001) and a higher Hb level (p = 0.008) at 2 weeks postoperative than did the Control group. The FCM group recovered its preoperative Hb level between 4 and 8 weeks. In contrast, the Control group did not recover its preoperative level until 8 weeks. The FCM infusion group also had higher serum ferritin, iron and TSAT, and lower TIBC levels than those of the Control group between 2 and 8 weeks (all p < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference in the postoperative transfusion rate (p = 0.741) or EQ-5D score between the two groups (all p > 0.05). DISCUSSION In postoperative anemia following TKA, IV FCM increases the Hb response and improves Hb and iron metabolism variables, however, it does not affect the transfusion rate or QOL.
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Language : eng
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