Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China. Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China. email@example.com.
Thrombocytopenia is a common and unsolved problem in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients; we aimed to summarize the evidence of TPO-RA treatment for heath-related quality of life (HRQoL) and platelet transfusion burden of MDS patients. We searched Pubmed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and CENTRAL for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing TPO-RA to placebo in MDS published until July 31, 2021. A
random-effect model was used. Eight RCTs with 908 patients were identified. Only three RCTs involving eltrombopag reported HRQoL, and all three studies treated HRQoL as a secondary outcome. In these three RCTs, the HRQoL instruments used in each study were different. However, this outcome cannot be meta-analyzed because some studies did not provide complete data. Subsequent clinical trials should pay more attention to this. Compared to placebo, TPO-RA did not affect platelet transfusion incidence 0.83 (95% CI 0.60-1.15). There was no evidence for subgroup differences in the analyses of different types of TPO-RA, different additional agent, and different types of MDS risk groups. However, platelet transfusion units (RR = 0.68, 95% CI 0.53 to 0.84) were significantly decreased. The RR of patients who did not require platelet transfusion for 56 or more consecutive days was not different between groups (RR = 0.98, 95% CI 0.41 to 2.34). TPO-RA may decrease platelet transfusion units in MDS patients with thrombocytopenia. But the significance of this finding should be interpreted with caution, because too few studies were meta-analyzed.