Effects of Albumin Supplements on In-Hospital Mortality in Patients with Sepsis or Septic Shock: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM. 2022;2022:2384730
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Abstract
OBJECTIVE To explore the clinical effects of albumin supplements on the basis of crystalloid solution in patients with sepsis or septic shock. METHODS The online databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE were comprehensively searched from inception to June 28, 2021, with the keywords including "albumin," "sepsis," or "septic shock." Retrospective cohort (RC) and randomized controlled trials (RCT) were included for analysis. Two authors independently searched and analyzed the literature. The in-hospital mortality at 7 days and 28 days, duration of mechanical ventilation, renal replacement therapy, length of ICU stay, and length of hospital stay were compared between patients with albumin supplements and crystalloid solution and those with crystalloid alone. RESULTS A total of 10 studies with 6463 patients were eventually included for meta-analysis. The in-hospital mortality of patients at 7 days (OR = 1.00, 95% CI: 0.81-1.23) and 28 days (OR = 1.02, 95% CI: 0.91-1.13) did not show a significant difference between the two groups of patients. Also, the pooled results demonstrated no significant differences in duration of mechanical ventilation (OR = 0.29, 95% CI: -0.05-0.63), renal replacement therapy (WMD = 1.15, 95% CI: 0.98-1.35), length of ICU stay (WMD = -0.07, 95% CI: -0.62-0.48), and length of hospital stay (WMD = -0.09, 95% CI: -0.70-0.52) between patients receiving albumin plus crystalloid solution and those with crystalloid solution alone. CONCLUSION Albumin supplements on the basis of crystalloid solution did not improve the 7-day and 28-dayin-hospital mortality in patients with sepsis or septic shock compared with those with crystalloid solution alone.
Study details
Study Design : Systematic Review
Language : eng
Credits : Bibliographic data from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine