The outcomes of combined endoscopic surgery and fibrinolytic treatment protocol for intraventricular hemorrhage: a randomized controlled trial

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Thammasat University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand. Electronic address: raywat_n@tu.ac.th. Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Thammasat University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand.

World neurosurgery. 2023
Abstract
BACKGROUND Intraventricular fibrinolysis (IVF) and endoscopic surgery (ES) are the new promising treatment strategies to enhance the rate of hematoma clearance which might improve functional outcome. This study investigated and compared the outcomes among these interventions. METHODS A randomized (1:1) double-blinded trial was carried out between August 2018 and December 2021. The intervention and control groups comprised patients receiving IVF and/or ES, and external ventricular drainage (EVD), respectively. All participants had experienced primary or secondary IVH from spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage with obstructive hydrocephalus complications. The primary outcome was modified Rankin scale (mRS) score at 180 days post-treatment. Interim assessments were planned for every 50 participants enrolled to ensure safety and efficacy. RESULTS After enrollment of 110 participants (55 participants in each group), there was the difference in 30-day mortality (2 [3.6%] vs 13 [32.7%] in EVD group, p = 0.002), reaching the predetermined boundaries for the termination of the trial. We demonstrated a better favorable outcome (mRS 0-3) at 180 days in the intervention group, compared to control group (35 [63.6%] vs. 24 [43.6%], p = 0.04). Participants in the intervention group experienced a higher IVH removal rate (91% [9.0] vs. 69.5% [38.0], p < 0.01), and had lower shunt conversion (1 [1.8%] vs. 16 [29.3%], p < 0.01). Treatment complications were comparable between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS This study demonstrated that combined ES and IVF is safe and effective for the treatment of IVH. In addition, it concluded that aggressive but safe procedures used to remove IVH could improve clinical outcome in patients with IVH.
Study details
Language : eng
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