Red Blood Cell Alloimmunizations in Thalassaemia Patients With Regular Transfusion in China: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

The First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University, Kaifeng, China. Kaifeng City Central Hospital, Kaifeng, China. Nanyang City Central Hospital, Nanyang, China. School of Basic Medical Sciences and Forensic Medicine, Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, China. School of Basic Medical Sciences and Forensic Medicine, Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address: shanying.gui@hmc.edu.cnaihu.

Transfusion clinique et biologique : journal de la Societe francaise de transfusion sanguine. 2023
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Abstract
OBJECTIVE The development of red blood cell alloimmunization intensifies transfusion complication in thalassaemia patients. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the existing evidence on the prevalence of erythrocyte alloimmunization in China by meta-analysis. We systematically searched cross-sectional studies regarding the alloimmunization of thalassaemia patients with regular blood transfusion in China from year 2000 to May 2021 in the Cochrane library, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Chinese databases including CNKI, Wanfang Data, Vip and CBM. Data extraction and quality evaluation of the included studies were performed. Meta-analysis was performed using the DerSimonian and Laird random-effects models with inverse variance weighting. The presence of publication bias was tested by Egger's test, and the methodological quality of each included article was evaluated by the criteria specific to prevalence studies. RESULTS A total of 1874 patients and 263 alloantibodies from 11 studies were identified and included in the meta-analysis. The proportion of alloantibodies against antigens belonging to the Rh, MNSs and Kidd systems were as high as 70.3%, 17.9%, and 6.5%, respectively. Meta-analysis showed that the overall prevalence of alloimmunization among transfusion-dependent thalassaemia patients in China is 11.4% (95%CI: 7.2%∼16.3%). CONCLUSIONS The characteristics of red blood cell alloimmunization among thalassaemia patients with regular transfusion in China differ greatly from those in other countries. Therefore, transfusion strategies shall be actively adapted in line with thalassaemia patients in China to minimize the risk of alloimmunization.
Study details
Study Design : Systematic Review
Language : eng
Credits : Bibliographic data from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine