University of Montreal Healthcare Center (CHUM) Hospital, 1000 rue St-Denis, Montreal, QC, H2X0C1, Canada. firstname.lastname@example.org. University of Montreal Healthcare Center (CHUM) Hospital, 1000 rue St-Denis, Montreal, QC, H2X0C1, Canada.
INTRODUCTION The use of wound drainage following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of suction drainage on early postoperative outcomes in patients who underwent TKA with concomitant administration of intravenous tranexamic acid (TXA). METHOD One hundred forty-six patients undergoing primary TKA with systematic intravenous TXA were prospectively selected and randomly
divided into two groups. The first "Study group" (n = 67) received no suction drain and the second "Control" group (n = 79) had a suction drain. Perioperative hemoglobin levels, blood loss, complications, and length of hospital stay were assessed in both groups. Preoperative and postoperative range of motion and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Scores (KOOS) were also compared at a 6-week follow-up. RESULTS The study group was found to have higher hemoglobin levels preoperatively and during the first two days following surgery, and no difference was found between the groups on the third day. No significant discrepancies at any time were found between groups in terms of blood loss, length of hospitalization, knee range of motion, and KOOS score. Complications requiring further treatment were observed in one patient from the study group and ten patients from the control group. CONCLUSION The use of suction drains after TKA with TXA did not alter early postoperative outcomes.