Department of Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery, Beijing Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Haidian District, No. 3 East Street, Yongding Road, Beijing, China. Department of Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery, Beijing Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Haidian District, No. 3 East Street, Yongding Road, Beijing, China. firstname.lastname@example.org.
BACKGROUND The efficacy and safety evaluation of the transplantation of autologous fat, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and stromal vascular fraction (SVF) in acne scars has not been completely unified. This article will analyze and process the data of the included studies through evidence-based medicine to evaluate the efficacy and safety of autologous fat grafting, PRP and SVF for acne scar treatment,
so as to provide treatment basis and strategy for the clinical treatment of acne scars. METHODS We searched the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library databases, CNKI, Wanfang and CQVIP databases for studies published during the time between the establishment of the databases through October 2022. We included studies that report autologous fat grafting, SVF and PRP for patients with acne scars. We excluded repeated publication, researches without full text, incomplete information or inability to conduct data extraction and animal experiments, case report, reviews and systematic reviews. STATA 15.1 software was used to analyze the data. RESULTS The findings showed that fat grafting had excellent improvement, marked improvement, moderate improvement and mild improvement rates of 36%, 27%, 18% and 18%, respectively, PRP had excellent improvement, marked improvement, moderate improvement and mild improvement rates of 0%, 26%, 47% and 25%, respectively, and the SVF had excellent improvement, marked improvement, moderate improvement and mild improvement rates of 73%, 25%, 3% and 0%, respectively. Additionally, the pooled results showed that there was no significant difference between PRP treatment and pre-treatment in Goodman and Baron scale score. However, Shetty et al. reported that Goodman and Baron scale score after fat grafting was significantly lower than pre-treatment. The results also showed that after fat grafting treatment, incidence of pain after fat grafting was 70%. After PRP treatment, in addition to pain (17%), there is a higher probability of postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (17%) and hematoma (6%). After SVF treatment, the incidence of postinflammatory hyperpigmentation and hematoma was all 0%. CONCLUSION Autologous fat grafting, PRP and SVF are effective for the treatment of acne scars, and the safety of autologous fat grafting, PRP and SVF is acceptable. Autologous fat grafting and SVF may be a better treatment for acne scars than PRP. However, this hypothesis still needs to be tested in the future large randomized controlled trials. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .