Effects of serum fibrinogen correction on outcome of traumatic cranial surgery: A randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial

Trauma Research Center, Shahid Rajaee (Emtiaz) Trauma Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address: aminniakan@yahoo.com. Trauma Research Center, Shahid Rajaee (Emtiaz) Trauma Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address: khalilih16@gmail.com. Trauma Research Center, Shahid Rajaee (Emtiaz) Trauma Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address: mamadvosoughi@gmail.com. Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Isfahan, Iran. Electronic address: elnaz1993@yahoo.com. Research Center for Neuromodulation and Pain, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address: fariborz.ghaffarpasand@gmail.com.

Clinical neurology and neurosurgery. 2023;229:107709
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Abstract
BACKGROUND Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is strongly associated with coagulopathy that occurs in 25-35% of patients. This complication is linked to higher mortality and morbidity. Recent lines of evidance have supported administration of fibrinogen concentrate (FC) in patients with severe TBI, while its efficacy remains controversial. In this study we aim to evaluate the effectiveness of serum fibrinogen level correction from 1.5 and 2.0 g/l to more than 2.0 g/l in patients with severe TBI undergoing traumatic cranial surgery. METHOD This randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial included trauma patients who had abbreviated injury scale (AIS) more than 3 in head and below 3 in other organs. FC was administered intravenously to patients with severe TBI undergoing TBI to correct the fibrinogen level above 2 g/l. Patients were randomly assigned to FC and control groups. The amount of intra-operative blood loss, packed cell (PC) transfusion, formation of new intracranial hemorrhage, and hemovac drainage were compared between the two study groups. RESULTS Forty-seven of 65 participants received the study intervention within 40-112 min of admission. Intra-operative PC transfusion was higher in FC group (80%) compared to control group (55.5%) while the differance was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). Intra-operative blood loss was significantly higher in control group than FC group (P = 0.036). Chance of re-operation and new intracranial hematoma were not significantly different between two study groups. CONCLUSION Early delivery of FC, decreases intraoperative bleeding. Although based on our findings it has no other effect on other parameters, further multicenter studies are recommended to investigate the role of early FC administration in management of post traumatic coagulopathy.
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Language : eng
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