Effects of hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors versus erythropoiesis-stimulating agents on iron metabolism and inflammation in patients undergoing dialysis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Hospital Chinese Medicine Preparation, Shenzhen Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, The Fourth Clinical Medical College of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Shenzhen, China. Key Laboratory of Chinese Internal Medicine of Ministry of Education and Beijing, Dongzhimen Hospital Affiliated to Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China. Shenzhen Maternity & Child Healthcare Hospital, Shenzhen, China.

Heliyon. 2023;9(4):e15310
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Abstract
AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors (HIF-PHIs) on iron metabolism and inflammation in dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (DD-CKD) patients. METHODS PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov websites were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating HIF-PHIs versus ESAs for DD-CKD patients. KEY FINDINGS Twenty studies with 14,737 participants were included in the meta-analysis, which demonstrated no significant difference in the effect of transferrin saturation and ferritin between HIF-PHIs and the ESAs group (MD, 0.65; 95%CI, -0.45 to 1.75; very low certainty; SMD, -0.03; 95% CI, -0.13 to 0.07; low certainty). However, HIF-PHIs significantly increased the iron (MD, 2.30; 95% CI, 1.40 to 3.20; low certainty), total iron-binding capacity (SMD, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.66 to 0.98; low certainty), and transferrin (SMD, 0.90; 95%CI, 0.74 to 1.05; moderate certainty) levels when compared with the ESAs group. In contrast, the hepcidin level and dosage of intravenous iron were significantly decreased in the HIF-PHIs group compared with the ESAs group (MD, -15.06, 95%CI, -21.96 to -8.16; low certainty; MD, -18.07; 95% CI, -30.05 to -6.09; low certainty). The maintenance dose requirements of roxadustat were independent of baseline CRP or hsCRP levels with respect to the effect on inflammation. SIGNIFICANCE HIF-PHIs promote iron utilization and reduce the use of intravenous iron therapy. Furthermore, HIF-PHIs, such as roxadustat, maintain the erythropoietic response independent of the inflammatory state. Thus, HIF-PHIs may be an alternative treatment strategy for anemia in DD-CKD patients, where ESA is hyporesponsive due to iron deficiency and inflammation.
Study details
Study Design : Systematic Review
Language : eng
Credits : Bibliographic data from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine