OBJECTIVE To compare the surgical and clinical results of traditional absorbable polyglactin 910 and barbed sutures in laparoscopic myomectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS This single-center randomized study included 75 women who underwent laparoscopic myomectomy. The uterine wall defects were closed with a continuous conventional absorbable polyglactin 910 suture (Vicryl; Ethicon, Somerville, NJ, USA) in 41 women and with a unidirectional barbed
suture (V-Loc 180; Covidien, Mansfield, MA, USA) in 34 women. RESULTS The time required to suture the uterine wall defect was lower in the V-Loc group than in the Vicryl group (p=0.007). However, no significant difference was observed in the operative time between the two study groups. The intraoperative blood loss and need for postoperative blood transfusion were significantly lower in the barbed group than in the Vicryl group (p=0.018 and p=0.048, respectively). CONCLUSION In laparoscopic myomectomy cases, the unidirectional barbed suture is more effective than the conventional absorbable suture. Barbed sutures facilitate the suturing process and reduce the time required to suture the uterine wall defect, blood loss, and the need for postoperative blood transfusion.