Department of Nephrology, Shanghai Pudong New District Punan Hospital, Shanghai, China Shanghai Punan Hospital, Shanghai, China. RINGGOLD: 159400 Department of Pharmacy, The first People's Hospital of JiangXia District, Wuhan City, Hubei, China. Department of Nephrology, Chongqing Three Gorges Central Hospital, Chongqing University Three Gorges Hospital, Chongqing, China. RINGGOLD: 604635
BACKGROUND Hemodialysis patients are common to have renal anemia in the nephrology practice. For the renal anemia, the high-dose iron from the intravenous route is an important treatment option. We can understand the treatment effects and cardiovascular events of high-dose intravenous iron reviewing the randomized clinical trials. METHODS We compared the high-dose and low-dose iron treatments to find if the
high-dose intravenous iron can influence the hematological parameters more significantly than the low-dose iron. The cardiovascular events were also analyzed for the high-dose iron treatment. Six studies with a total of 2422 renal anemia patients under hemodialysis were enrolled. We focused the outcomes of hemoglobin, transferrin saturation percentage, ferritin, erythropoietin dose, and cardiovascular events. RESULTS The high-dose intravenous iron might be associated with a greater number of ferritin, transferrin saturation percentage, and hemoglobin. In addition, the erythropoietin dose was less needed to maintain the ideal hemoglobin range in the high-dose intravenous iron group. CONCLUSIONS In current meta-analysis, the high-dose intravenous iron might show the superior effects on the ferritin, transferrin saturation percentage, and hemoglobin levels and needed dose of erythropoietin when compared to low-dose iron treatment.