Impact of Intravenous Iron Substitution on Serum Phosphate Levels and Bone Turnover Markers-An Open-Label Pilot Study

St. Vincent Hospital Vienna, II Medical Department-Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Metabolic, and Inflammation Medicine, Academic Teaching Hospital of the Medical University of Vienna, 1060 Vienna, Austria. AUVA Trauma Center Vienna-Meidling, Department for Trauma Surgery, 1120 Vienna, Austria. Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Traumatology, 1200 Vienna, Austria. Austrian Cluster for Tissue Regeneration, 1200 Vienna, Austria. Insitute for Statistics and Operations Research, University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria. HealthPi Medical Center, 1010 Vienna, Austria.

Nutrients. 2023;15(12)
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Abstract
The association between intravenous iron substitution therapy and hypophosphatemia was previously reported in patients with iron deficiency anemia. However, the extent of hypophosphatemia is thought to depend on the type of iron supplementation. We hypothesized that the intravenous application of ferric carboxymaltose and iron sucrose leads to a different longitudinal adaptation in serum phosphate levels. In this open-label pilot study, a total of 20 patients with inflammatory bowel diseases or iron deficiency anemia were randomly assigned to one of two study groups (group 1: ferric carboxymaltose, n = 10; group 2: iron sucrose, n = 10). Serum values were controlled before iron substitution therapy, as well as 2, 4, and 12 weeks after the last drug administration. The primary objective of the study was the longitudinal evaluation of serum phosphate levels after iron substitution therapy with ferric carboxymaltose and iron sucrose. The secondary objective was the longitudinal investigation of calcium, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), intact parathyroid hormone, procollagen type 1 amino-terminal propeptide (P1NP), beta-CrossLaps (CTX), hemoglobin (Hb), iron, ferritin, and transferrin saturation levels. Two weeks after drug administration, phosphate levels were significantly lower (p < 0.001) in group 1 and ferritin levels were significantly higher (p < 0.001) in group 1. Phosphate levels (0.8-1.45 mmol/L) were below the therapeutic threshold and ferritin levels (10-200 ng/mL for women and 30-300 ng/mL for men) were above the therapeutic threshold in group 1. P1NP (15-59 µg/L) and CTX (<0.57 ng/mL) levels were above the therapeutic threshold in group 2. Four weeks after drug administration, significant differences were still observed between both study groups for phosphate (p = 0.043) and ferritin (p = 0.0009). All serum values except for Hb were within the therapeutic thresholds. Twelve weeks after drug administration, no differences were observed in all serum values between both study groups. Hb values were within the therapeutic threshold in both study groups. Serum 25(OH)D levels did not differ between both study groups throughout the whole study period and remained within the therapeutic threshold.
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Language : eng
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