BACKGROUND The goal was to study the effect of early equal-proportion transfusion on the prognosis of trauma patients with bleeding. METHODS Emergency hospital trauma patients were randomly divided into two groups, a group based on assessment of blood consumption (ABC) to assess whether need to start the massive blood transfusion patients, such as proportion of blood transfusion (fresh frozen plasma:
suspended red blood cells = 1:1), and the other group using traditional methods of blood transfusion, namely according to routine blood and clotting function and hemodynamic parameters, to decide when and what blood constituents should be transfused. RESULTS The coagulation got better in the early equal-proportion transfusion group, there were significant differences of PT and APTT (p < 0.05). The amount of 24 hours RBC and plasma transfusion was decreased in the early equal-proportion transfusion group, compared to the control group (p < 0.05), the length of ICU stay was shortened, the 24-hours SOFA score was improved, and there was no significant difference in 24-hours mortality, in-hospital mortality and total length of in-hospital stay (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS Early transfusion can reduce the total amount of blood transfusion and shorten ICU time, but has no significant effect on mortality.