OBJECTIVE To study the effectiveness and value of evidence-based nursing and predictive nursing in emergency treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. METHODS A total of 100 patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding in our hospital were selected. The period was from January 2020 to June 2022. They were grouped according to the double color ball method, 50 cases in the control group
were given routine nursing, and 50 cases in the observation group were given evidence-based nursing combined with predictive nursing. The key points of evidence-based nursing are to identify the evidence-based question, search for relevant literature, identify scientifically effective nursing measures, and develop nursing care plans that are tailored to the patient's specific situation based on evidence and clinical experience. Predictive nursing requires nurses to have a high level of awareness and risk prevention consciousness to provide care for early signs of bleeding and prevent the occurrence of complications. The psychological state scores, clinical-related indicators, clinical efficacy, incidence of complications, nursing satisfaction, and quality of life scores of the two groups were compared. RESULTS After the intervention, the SAS score (42.25 ± 1.67) and SDS score (43.59 ± 1.86) of the observation group were lower than those of the control group, the bleeding times (2.41 ± 0.45) of the observation group were less than those of the control group, the hemostasis time (30.12 ± 5.38d) and hospitalization time (5.01 ± 1.11d) of the observation group were shorter than those of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (all P < .05). The total effective rate of hemostasis (96.00%), patient satisfaction (98.00%), and scores of physical health (88.98 ± 5.59), psychological function (91.08 ± 5.11), material life state (90.54 ± 6.46) and social function (89.59 ± 5.78) in GQOLI-74 scores in the observation group were higher than those in the control group. The incidence of complications (6.00%) in the observation group was lower than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (all P < .05). CONCLUSION Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is a common emergency in gastroenterology, characterized by rapid onset, severe symptoms, and quick changes. Therefore, in order to expedite the recovery of patients with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding and ensure their safety, it is necessary to provide effective clinical emergency nursing care. Evidence-based nursing can help nurses take appropriate nursing measures based on the best and latest evidence, to meet the reasonable individualized needs of patients. Predictive nursing is a nursing model that predicts potential nursing risks in advance and takes corresponding preventive measures. It can timely and systematically address risks in nursing and promote improvements in the effectiveness of disease treatment. The combined application of evidence-based nursing and predictive nursing can improve the hemostatic efficiency of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding, improve the psychological state and quality of life, reduce the incidence of complications, and obtain higher satisfaction. The combined application of these two nursing models has positive implications for improving nursing efficiency, enhancing patient cooperation during emergency care, improving hemostasis effectiveness, enhancing quality of life, and fostering a harmonious nurse-patient relationship.
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