Effect of Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) versus 5% albumin solution on intra-abdominal pressure in severe burn patients: A prospective randomized clinical trial

Plastic, burn, and maxillofacial surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt. Electronic address: amr-mahmoud@med.asu.edu.eg. Plastic, burn, and maxillofacial surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt. Anesthesia, critical care, and pain management Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries. 2023
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Abstract
INTRODUCTION Massive burn patients are at risk of developing intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) as a complication of resuscitation. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) versus 5% albumin solution on intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) in massive burn patients. METHODS This was a prospective randomized clinical trial carried on at Ain Shams University (ASU) burn unit for 2 years. Where adult patients with burns more than 20% of TBSA were equally randomized into HES group or albumin group. RESULTS Fifty-two patients were equally randomized into 2 groups. We found no difference in age, sex, weight, type of burn, and TBSA between the two groups. The mean total resuscitation fluid volume in the first 48 h was 213 ml/kg and 206.2 ml/kg for the HES group and the albumin group respectively (p = 0.674). IAP statistically was non-significantly higher in the HES group. We found no statistical difference between the two groups as regards the renal function tests. CONCLUSION Both HES and 5% albumin solution are effective and safe colloids for burn resuscitation. As regards the IAP, it seems that both 5% albumin and HES have comparable effect regarding IAH in severely burn patients. Both HES and 5% albumin were partially equal in terms of renal involvement and vital data stability.
Study details
Language : eng
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