Blood Donations and Transfusions during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spain: Impact According to Autonomous Communities and Hospitals

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021;18(7):3480-3480
Worldwide, the COVID-19 pandemic has caused a decline in blood donations, between 30% and 70% in some of the most affected countries In Spain, during the initial eight weeks after the State of Emergency was decreed on 14 March 2020, in the weekly reports of the Health Ministry, an average decrease of 20% was observed between 11 and week 25 compared with the 2018 donation We aimed to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on blood donations and blood distribution in four autonomous communities, and to explore the evolution of the consumption of blood components (BCs) in ten hospitals of six autonomous communities We performed a prospective study of grouped cohorts on the donation and distribution of blood in four regional transfusion centers in four autonomous communities in Spain, and a retrospective study of the consumption of blood components in ten hospitals in six autonomous communities Regarding donations, there was no significant decrease in donations, with differences between autonomous communities, which started between 1 and 15 March 2020 (−11%) The increase in donations in phase II (from 26 May 2020) stands out Regarding consumption, there was a significant reduction in the consumption of packed red blood cells (RBCs) (24 5%), plasma (45 3%), and platelets (25 3%) in the central period (16 March–10 May) The reduction in the consumption of RBCs was significant in the period from 1–15 March Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the donation and consumption of BCs
Study details
Language : en
Credits : Bibliographic data from Global Research on Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Database: World Health Organisation, Creative Commons Licence CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.