Risk of thrombocytopenia with Platelet-derived Growth Factor Receptor Kinase Inhibitors (PDGFR-TKIs) in cancer patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis of phase II/III randomized controlled trials
Journal of clinical pharmacology. 2021
We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to fully investigate the thrombocytopenia of Platelet-derived Growth Factor Receptor Kinase Inhibitors (PDGFR-TKIs) in cancer patients. Databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) treated with PDGFR-TKIs till January 2021. The relevant RCTs in cancer patients treated with PDGFR-TKIs were retrieved and the systematic evaluation was conducted. Nineteen RCTs and 3962 patients were included. Our study suggests that PDGFR-TKIs significantly increased the risks of all-grade (RR, 5.72; 95%CI, 4.32-7.59;p<0.00001; I(2) = 32%) and high-grade (RR, 5.65; 95%CI, 3.28- 9.75; p<0.00001; I(2) = 0%) thrombocytopenia in cancer patients. Sunitinib tend to be associated with the highest risk of thrombocytopenia among the included PDGFR-TKIs. The RR of high-grade thrombocytopenia varies significantly according to treatment line and median age. The available data suggested that the use of PDGFR-TKIs were associated with a significantly increased risk of thrombocytopenia. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Autologous platelet concentrates for bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw treatment and prevention. A systematic review of the literature
European Journal of Cancer. 2015;51((1):):62-74.
PURPOSE Bisphosphonate related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is an adverse drug reaction consisting of progressive bone destruction in the maxillofacial region of patients under current or previous treatment with a bisphosphonate. Autologous platelet concentrates (APC) demonstrated to enhance bone and soft tissue healing in oral surgery procedures. The present systematic review aimed at evaluating if APC may improve treatment and prevention of BRONJ in patients under bisphosphonate therapy. METHODS MEDLINE, Scopus and Cochrane databases were searched using terms like bisphosphonates, osteonecrosis, BRONJ, platelet concentrate, PRP, PRF, PRGF. No language, publication date and study design limitation was set. A hand search of the bibliographies of identified articles was also performed. The primary outcome was recurrence/onset of BRONJ after oral surgery procedures. RESULTS Eighteen studies were included, reporting on 362 patients undergoing oral surgery in combination with APC. The adjunct of APC in BRONJ treatment significantly reduced osteonecrosis recurrence with respect to control. APC was associated with a lower BRONJ incidence after tooth extraction, though not significant. Heterogeneity was found regarding bisphosphonate type, clinical indication, treatment duration, triggering factors, study design, follow-up duration, type of APC, outcomes adopted to evaluate treatment success. CONCLUSION Though the results of this review must be cautiously interpreted, due to the low evidence level of the studies included, and the limited sample size, they are suggestive of possible benefits of APC when associated with surgical procedures for treatment or prevention of BRONJ. To confirm such indication, prospective comparative studies with a large sample size are urgently needed.Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.