Integrative treatment of herbal medicine with western medicine on coronary artery lesions in children with Kawasaki disease
BACKGROUND Kawasaki disease (KD) is a major cause of coronary artery lesions (CALs) in children. Approximately 10% to 20% of children treated with intravenous immunoglobulin are intravenous immunoglobulin-resistant. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of adding herbal medicine to conventional western medicines versus conventional western medicines alone for CALs in children with KD. METHODS This study searched 9 electronic databases until August 31, 2021. The inclusion criteria were the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that assessed the CALs in children with KD and compared integrative treatment with conventional western treatments. Two authors searched independently for RCTs, including eligible articles that fulfilled the inclusion criteria, extracted data, and assessed the methodological quality using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Meta-analysis was conducted using Cochrane Collaboration's Review Manager 5.4 software. The effect size was presented as the risk ratio (RR), and the fixed-effect models were used to pool the results. RESULTS The finally selected 12 studies included a total of 1030 KD patients. According to a meta-analysis, the integrative treatment showed better results than the conventional treatment in the CAL prevalence rate (RR = 2.00; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.49-2.71; P < .00001), CAL recovery rate (RR = 1.27; 95% CI, 1.05-1.54; P = .02), and total effective rate (RR = 1.17; 95% CI, 1.11-1.23; P < .00001). Only 2 studies referred to the safety of the treatment. The asymmetrical funnel plot of the CAL prevalence rate indicated the possibility of potential publication bias. CONCLUSIONS This review found the integrative treatment to be more effective in reducing the CAL prevalence rate and increasing the CAL recovery rate and total effective rate in KD patients than conventional western treatment. However, additional well-designed RCTs will be needed further to compensate restrictions of insufficient trials on safety, methodological quality, and publication bias.
No therapeutic effect of plasmin antagonist tranexamic acid in rheumatoid arthritis. A double-blind placebo-controlled pilot study
Clinical & Experimental Rheumatology. 2003;21((3)):359-62.
OBJECTIVE In the present study, the effects of plasmin antagonist tranexamic acid (TEA) on urinary pyridinoline excretion rates were investigated in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS The study was set up as a double-blind placebo-controlled pilot study. Ten patients received tranexamic acid and 9 received placebo for 12 weeks. Urinary excretion rates of hydroxylysylpyridinoline (HP) and lysylpyridinoline (LP) were used as molecular markers of articular cartilage and bone degradation. In addition, clinical parameters of disease activity were assessed and CRP levels were measured. RESULTS Treatment with TEA did not reduce pyridinoline excretion, nor was any effect observed on clinical parameters of disease activity or on CRP levels. CONCLUSION The results of the present pilot study show no beneficial effect of TEA as adjuvant therapy in RA patients with respect to joint destruction or disease activity. RN 0 (Amino Acids). 63800-01-1 (pyridinoline). 6T84R30KC1 (Tranexamic Acid). EC 3-4-21-7 (Fibrinolysin).
Effect of tranexamic acid on postvitrectomy haemorrhage in diabetic patients
International Ophthalmology. 1987;10((3):):153-5.
Thirty one diabetic patients were prospectively randomized for treatment with or without tranexamic acid during vitrectomy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy. No significant difference in the occurrence of postoperative haemorrhage in the treated and untreated group was observed (37%/28% during the 1st postoperative week, and 25%/40% during the 2nd-4th postoperative weeks, respectively). The final visual result was similar in both groups.
Lack of effect of tranexamic acid on rheumatoid arthritis
Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. 1984;13((4):):369-73.
In a double-blind controlled study on 45 rheumatoid arthritis patients, no effect of tranexamic acid (Cyklocapron, 4.5 g per day for 6 weeks) was found in terms of subjective or objective parameters of disease activity. Tranexamic acid did not reduce complement activation, measured by plasma concentrations of the complement C3 split product C3d. Immune complex concentrations in serum were also unaffected. We conclude that plasmin inhibitors do not reduce immune complex mediated complement activation, and they should not be used for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.