Efficacy of platelet-rich fibrin compared with triamcinolone acetonide as injective therapy in the treatment of symptomatic oral lichen planus: a pilot study
Clinical oral investigations. 2021
OBJECTIVES Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic immune-mediated disease that affects the oral cavity. Topical steroids are considered the treatment of choice for painful lesions of OLP. The aim of this split-mouth study was to compare the efficacy of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and triamcinolone acetonide (TA) injective therapies in patients with symptomatic OLP. MATERIALS AND METHODS Participants with symptomatic OLP were recruited in the Academic Hospital of Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Italy. Once a week for a month, patients randomly received a 0.5-mL TA injection in one buccal mucosa and 1-mL PRF injection in the opposite side. The measured outcomes were reduction of the lesions area and symptomatology modifications using visual analogue scale (VAS) score RESULTS Four weeks after the last injections, an average reduction of 59.8% in the lesion extension and an average reduction of 47.6% in the VAS score for PRF-treated sites were observed; the same variation for TA-treated sites was respectively of 59.2% and 40%. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS PRF was effective in reducing OLP lesions extension and symptomatology, and it seems to be as effective as TA. Additional data should be collected with a larger sample size, at a longer follow-up and on the PRF lowest effective dose. CLINICAL RELEVANCE Current treatment options for OLP are limited. The study proved benefits of PRF injections in management of painful lesions of OLP comparable with TA.
Comparative evaluation of effectiveness of autologous platelet rich plasma and intralesional corticosteroids in the management of erosive oral Lichen planus- a clinical study
Journal of oral biology and craniofacial research. 2020;10(4):714-718
PURPOSE Oral Lichen planus is a potentially malignant autoimmune disorder, characterized by burning and pain in the affected mucosa which reduces the quality and comfort of patient's life. Various treatment modalities have been documented for OLP but due its malignant potential the alternative therapeutic approaches with least or no side effects are being in demand. One of such, yet unexplored treatment is Platelet rich plasma (PRP). This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of intralesional PRP as compared to the Intralesional corticosteroids in the management of erosive OLP. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study sample consisted of 20 clinically and histopathologically confirmed patients of Erosive OLP among which 10 patients were given intralesional corticosteroids and 10 patients were administered intralesional PRP. All the patients were given weekly injections for 2 months and were followed up till 4 months for assessing the parameters such as pain/burning, erythema and size of the lesions. RESULTS The patients in both the groups showed a statistically significant reduction in all the assessed parameters of erosive lichen planus from baseline till 4 months of treatment and follow up. However, on comparison of the pain reduction, size of lesion and erythema scores between the two groups, the difference was found to be statistically insignificant. CONCLUSION The intralesional PRP was found to be of comparative effectiveness with respect to intralesional triamcinolone acetonide in the management of erosive OLP and with an added advantage of having less recurrence and no adverse effects.
Efficacy of autologous whole blood or serum therapy for chronic spontaneous urticaria: A systematic review and meta-analysis
The Journal of dermatological treatment. 2019;:1-28
BACKGROUND Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is chronic wheals without identifiable exogenous stimuli. Autologous whole blood (AWB) injection and autologous serum therapy (AST) are alternative therapies for CSU that induce tolerance to circulating histamine-releasing factors. OBJECTIVE We elucidated currently available evidence for the efficacy and safety of AWB therapy and AST for CSU. METHODS We systematically searched four databases for eligible studies to perform meta-analysis. The primary outcome was the efficacy of AST or AWB therapy, and the secondary outcome was improvement after intervention based on the autologous serum skin test (ASST) status of patients. RESULTS Eight clinical trials, including four randomized controlled trials and 529 CSU patients, were identified. AST was not more effective than the placebo treatment in alleviating CSU symptoms at the end of treatment (P = 0.161), and AWB injection was also not more effective in response rates than the placebo at the end of follow-up (P = 0.099). Furthermore, the efficacy of AST or AWB injection for CSU and the ASST status were not significantly related. No remarkable adverse events were recorded during therapy. CONCLUSIONS Our meta-analysis suggested that AWB therapy and AST are not significantly more effective in alleviating CSU symptoms than the placebo treatment.
Topical application of platelet-rich plasma for diabetic foot ulcers: A systematic review
World Journal of Diabetes. 2018;9((10)):172-179.
AIM: To determine if topical application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) results in superior healing rates. METHODS A systematic review was registered with PROSPERO and performed using PRISMA guidelines. Level I-IV investigations of topical PRP application in DFUs were sought in multiple databases including: MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. The search terms used were "platelet rich plasma", "diabetes", "ulcers", and "wound". The Modified Coleman Methodology Score (MCMS) was used to analyze study methodological quality. Study heterogeneity and a mostly non-comparative nature of evidence precluded meta-analysis. Only the outcome measurements used by more than 50% of the studies were included in the data synthesis to increase power of the measurement over that of individual studies. A weighted mean of healing rate per week between PRP group vs controls were compared using two-sample z-tests using P-value of less than 0.05 for significance. RESULTS One thousand two hundred and seventeen articles were screened. Eleven articles (322 PRP subjects, 126 controls, PRP subject mean age 58.4 +/- 7.2 years, control mean age 58.7 +/- 5.9 years) were analyzed. Six articles were level II evidence, four were level III, and one article was level IV. The mean MCMS was 61.8 +/- 7.3. Healing rate was significantly faster with PRP application compared to controls (0.68 +/- 0.56 cm(2)/wk vs 0.39 +/- 0.09 cm(2)/wk; P < 0.001). Mean heal time to > 90% of the original ulcer area was 7.8 +/- 2.7 wk and 8.3 +/- 3.7 wk for patients in the PRP group and control groups, respectively (P = 0.115). There were significantly lower adverse effects reported with PRP application compared to controls (7 wound infections, 1 contact dermatitis vs 14 wound infections, 1 maceration; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION The topical application of PRP for DFUs results in statistically superior healing rates and lower complication rates compared to controls.
A prospective, randomized, controlled trial of autologous platelet-rich plasma gel for the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers
Ostomy/Wound Management. 2006;52((6):):68-70, 72, 74 passim.
Nonhealing diabetic foot ulcers are a common cause of amputation. Emerging cellular therapies such as platelet-rich plasma gel provide ulcer management options to avoid loss of limb. The purpose of this prospective, randomized, controlled, blinded, multicenter clinical study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of autologous platelet-rich plasma gel for the treatment of nonhealing diabetic foot ulcers. One hundred, twenty-nine (129) patients were screened; 72 completed a 7-day screening period and met the study inclusion criteria. Patients were randomized into two groups - the standard care with platelet-rich plasma gel or control (saline gel) dressing group - and evaluated biweekly for 12 weeks or until healing. Healing was confirmed 1 week following closure and monitored for another 11 weeks. An independent audit led to the exclusion of 32 patients from the final per-protocol analysis because of protocol violations and failure to complete treatment. In this group, 13 out of 19 (68. 4%) of the platelet-rich plasma gel and nine out of 21 (42. 9%) of the control wounds healed. After adjusting for wound size outliers (n = 5), significantly more platelet-rich plasma gel (13 out of 16, 81. 3%) than control gel (eight out of 19, 42. 1%) treated wounds healed (P = 0. 036, Fisher's exact test). Kaplan-Meier time-to-healing also was significantly different between groups (log-rank, P = 0. 0177). No treatment-related serious adverse events were reported and bovine thrombin used in the preparation of PRP did not cause Factor V inhibition. When used with good standards of care, the majority of nonhealing diabetic foot ulcers treated with autologous platelet-rich plasma gel can be expected to heal.
Absence of HBV, HCV, HTLV and HHV-8 activation by allogeneic RBC transfusion of AIDS patients
Transfusion. 2002;42((9S):):23S.. Abstract No. S81-040C.
The influence of a partially HLA-matched blood transfusion on the disease activity of rheumatoid arthritis
OBJECTIVE Based on the immunosuppressive effects of blood transfusions in organ transplantation, we determined the effect of a blood transfusion on disease activity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHOD In this double-blind pilot study, 40 patients with active RA were randomly assigned to receive a HLA-DRB1-matched blood transfusion (n = 30) or placebo (n = 10). Disease activity was scored according to the American College of Rheumatology response criteria during 6 months of follow-up. RESULTS After 1 month and 6 months, respectively, 6 and 16% of patients fulfilled the response criteria in the blood transfusion group compared to none and 30%, respectively, in the placebo group. Following correction for the increase in haemoglobin levels, a majority of the response parameters in the blood transfusion group showed significant improvement compared to the placebo group. CONCLUSION A DRB1-matched blood transfusion shows improvement of symptoms in several RA patients. Additional studies are required to identify blood transfusion regimens that enhance the potential for therapeutic responses.
Virological and immunological data of AIDS patients treated by passive immunotherapy (transfusions of plasma rich in HIV-1 antibodies)
Vox Sanguinis. 1997;73((3):):149-154.
Passive hyperimmune plasma therapy in the treatment of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: results of a 12-month multicenter doubleblind controlled trial. The Passive Hyperimmune Therapy Study Group
Buffy coat transfusions in early type I diabetes
Fresh whole-blood buffy coats from American Red Cross volunteers were used to treat early type I diabetes. Attempts were made to adapt to human diabetic patients a protocol successfully used in prediabetic BB rats. Twenty-two type I diabetic patients (duration of disease less than 4 wk) were randomized to treatment or control groups; the treatment patients were given one buffy coat (approximately 0.6 X 10(9) T-lymphocytes) weekly for 5 wk. Plasma C-peptide (stimulated and unstimulated), insulin dose, and hemoglobin A1c were measured before and periodically after the treatment for 24 wk. The control group underwent the same studies. Although there were no significant differences for the parameters studied between the two groups, 2 of 12 patients in the treatment group underwent three complete (normal glycemia without insulin) temporary remissions. One of these patients was given a second course of transfusions after relapse from the first remission and developed a second complete remission that lasted 2 mo. No control patient had remissions during the 24-wk study. Although the future of adoptive immunotherapy in the treatment or prevention of diabetes is not known, several probable limitations of the current protocol, as discussed here, can explain the differences in results between this trial and the rodent studies.