Efficacy of Platelet-Rich Plasma Versus Autologous Fat Transfer With Nanofat in the Treatment of Infraorbital Dark Circles: A Single-Blinded Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial
Kadry A, Gamal A, Alkhalifah A, Ibrahim SMA
Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]. 2023
BACKGROUND Treating infraorbital dark circles is one of the commonest aesthetic demands worldwide. Autologous fat transfer is commonly used to treat dark circles by filling the grooves, without effect on skin quality. Platelet-rich plasma has been reported to improve skin quality. Autologous fat can be emulsified and filtered to produce nanofat, which is then injected superficially in the dark circles to improve skin quality and discoloration. OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma versus combined fat transfer and nanofat in treating infraorbital dark circles. MATERIALS AND METHODS 30 patients with infraorbital dark circles of combined etiological factors were randomized into 2 equal groups: Group A treated with platelet-rich plasma and Group B treated with autologous fat transfer with emulsified fat injection. RESULTS Excellent and moderate responses were observed in 3 (20%) and 2 (13%) patients in group A versus 7 (46.7%) and 4 (27%) in group B, respectively. Nonresponders were 8 (53.3%) in group A and only 1 patient (6.7%) in group B. The difference was statistically significant regarding improvement (p = .048) and patient satisfaction (p = .032). CONCLUSION Autologous fat transfer with nanofat is significantly superior to platelet-rich plasma in improvement and satisfaction.
An umbrella review of the use of platelet-rich plasma in the treatment of androgenetic alopecia
Li C, Pan L, Yang L, Kong J, Zhang L
Journal of cosmetic dermatology. 2023
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the treatment of androgenetic alopecia, as well as establish an effective treatment protocol and optimal PRP preparation procedure. METHODS We searched the PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Cochrane, CNKI, and Wanfang databases from inception to October 29, 2021, using PROSPERO's International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (registration ID: CRD42022295921). RESULTS The original literature search revealed 215 reviews; after duplication removal, 89 papers were eliminated, 95 were eliminated after reading the titles and abstracts, and eventually, 28 articles were included after reading the complete text. CONCLUSIONS PRP treatment for androgenetic alopecia is effective, and we recommend the following: (1) a PRP volume of at least 0.05 ml/cm(2) , preferably 0.1 ml/cm(2) ; (2) at least three consecutive treatments at an interval of 1 month; (3) intensive therapy is beneficial and can be provided from 3 to 6 months after continuous treatment; (4) objective indicators such as hair diameter, hair count; (5) long-term follow-up.
Efficacy of autologous Platelet-rich plasma therapy versus topical Minoxidil in men with moderate androgenetic alopecia: A randomized open-label trial
Balasundaram M, Kumari R, Ramassamy S
The Journal of dermatological treatment. 2023;:1-20
BACKGROUND Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an adjunctive treatment in androgenetic alopecia (AGA). Its role as a monotherapy, when compared to FDA-approved therapies in moderate grades of androgenetic alopecia is not established. OBJECTIVES We sought to study the efficacy and safety of standardized non-activated PRP preparation against topical minoxidil in AGA. METHODS Men aged 20-50 with Grade III and IV (Modified Hamilton-Norwood) AGA were randomized to receive 5% Minoxidil (x6 months) or PRP injections (monthly x3). The primary endpoints were global photographic assessment at week 24, change in target area hair counts, density, and anagen hair at week 12. Other outcomes were subjects' satisfaction and adverse events. RESULTS In total, 64 participants were randomized. At week 24, 56% responded to Minoxidil arm and 38% to PRP (p= 0.124). There was a significant increase in target area hair count and density at week 12 within the groups. The difference between the groups was not statistically significant. Adverse events occurred in 53% and 37% of the PRP and minoxidil groups, respectively. Patient satisfaction was better with Minoxidil. CONCLUSION PRP is effective in the treatment of moderate grades of androgenetic alopecia in men, although perhaps not different from minoxidil. Side effects occur more frequently with PRP.
Systematic review: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) use in facial rejuvenation
Gentile P, Garcovich S
Plastic and reconstructive surgery. 2023
BACKGROUND An increasing interest in maintaining a youthful appearance has led to the development of innovative and non-invasive aesthetic procedures for the treatment of facial aging as the recent use of Autologous Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP). OBJECTIVES This article aims to review the literature and critically appraise the available evidence regarding the efficacy of autologous activated PRP (AA-PRP) and/or not-activated PRP (ANA-PRP) injection used for facial rejuvenation. METHODS A systematic review regarding the clinical use of AA-PRP and ANA-PRP injection in facial rejuvenation against signs of aging was performed using PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, PreMEDLINE, Ebase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Clinicaltrials.gov, Scopus, and Cochrane databases. The protocol was developed following the Preferred Reporting for Items for Systematic Reviews-Protocols (PRISMA-P) guidelines. The included studies had to match predetermined criteria according to the PICOS approach. RESULTS Eleven of the twelve studies identified, including three randomized split-face trials, showed improved results despite differences in study design and outcome measures, many of which were subjective. CONCLUSIONS Further randomized controlled trials and related systematic reviews, as evidence-based medicine (EBM) studies of level 1 are required to confirm PRP injection efficacy in facial rejuvenation, to consolidate the promising results of the studies identified in this systematic review.
Platelet-Rich Plasma Monotherapies for Androgenetic Alopecia: A Network Meta-Analysis and Meta-Regression Study
Gupta A, Bamimore M
Journal of drugs in dermatology : JDD. 2022;21(9):943-952
INTRODUCTION Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a commonly used therapeutic option for androgenetic alopecia (AGA). Evidence syntheses for the impact of PRP on AGA has been handicapped by non-standardized protocols for its administration. We quantitatively synthesized the evidence base to determine the relative efficacy of PRP regimens with different frequencies of administration. We defined frequency as a vector of the (i) number of sessions and (ii) time interval between the sessions. METHODS We systematically reviewed the peer-reviewed literature to obtain relevant data; we then conducted a multivariable meta-regression and network meta-analyses (NMAs). RESULTS Twenty-five trials met our eligibility criteria; 10 unique PRP regimens were ultimately identified for use in our analyses. Our NMAs produced surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) values that corroborated the findings of our multivariable meta-regression. The frequency of PRP sessions, chemical activation, number of centrifugations, the age and sex of the patient, and the design of PRP administration (ie, whole-head vs split-scalp) are correlated with the efficacy of PRP insofar as the mean change in total hair density at 6 months from baseline. CONCLUSIONS For the most part, regimens’ SUCRA rankings and relative effects support that the efficacy of PRP administration increases when: (i) the number of sessions increases and (ii) the time interval between sessions decreases; we found that chemically-activated PRP (vs inactivated), double centrifugation (vs single), younger (vs older) age of treated patients, female (vs male) sex, and whole-head (vs split-scalp) administration is associated with improved PRP efficacy. Our approach rules out much confounding as the analysis of our outcome was exclusive to monotherapy at a singular timepoint. Our results may reconcile discrepant findings among previous studies and may be helpful in updating clinical practice guidelines. J Drugs Dermatol. 2022;21(9):943-952. doi:10.36849/JDD.6948.
Comparison of Efficacy of Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) With PRP Microneedling in Androgenetic Alopecia
Muhammad A, Iftikhar N, Mashhood A, Saleem Z, Sundus M, Khalid AA, Khan S, Naveed S, Shahid W, Ajmal U, et al
Background Limited data are available on the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and microneedling versus PRP alone. In this study, we aimed to compare the efficacy of PRP and microneedling with PRP alone in androgenetic alopecia (AGA). Methodology This prospective, randomized, interventional study was conducted in Pak-Emirates Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, from September 2020 to December 2020. In total, 60 individuals suffering from AGA of up to Hamilton-Norwood grade 4 were randomly assigned to two groups, namely, PRP+microneedling versus PRP alone. A total of three sessions, each one month apart, were offered. Pre and post-intervention photographs, hair count (/cm(2)), hair-pull test, and physician's and patient's perception of hair loss were recorded. The data were statistically analyzed. Results A greater proportion of patients in the microneedling group achieved a negative hair-pull test and improved perception of hair loss compared to the PRP-alone group (82.1% vs. 51.9% and 88.0% vs. 73.9%, respectively). The percentage increase in mean hair count in the microneedling group (24.53 ± 9.49%) was significantly higher than the increase in the PRP-alone group (17.88 ± 10.15%) (p = 0.011). For grades 2 and 3 hair loss, microneedling+PRP caused a much greater increase in hair count than PRP alone. This difference was less pronounced for Norwood grade 4. No notable side effects were noted in any patient. Conclusions Combined PRP and microneedling is more efficacious than PRP alone in patients with AGA up to Hamilton-Norwood grade 4.
Evaluation of Efficacy of Follicular Unit Extraction Versus Follicular Unit Extraction with Platelet Rich Plasma in Treatment of Cicatricial Alopecia
Elariny AF, Ghozlan N, Wasief S, Moussa AE, Eldeeb ME
Journal of cosmetic dermatology. 2022
BACKGROUND Follicular unit extraction (FUE) is a minimally invasive surgery that is becoming popular in hair restoration in cicatricial alopecia (CA). AIM: Evaluation of FUE with or without platelet rich plasma (PRP) in scarring alopecia PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty patients with CA were randomized into two groups. Group A (10 patients) underwent FUE, group B (10 patients) underwent FUE+PRP. PRP was injected one week before surgery, then monthly after surgery for 3 months. Follow up was done after 3,6 and 12 months by calculating the density of surviving follicular units and the survival rate. RESULTS In group A, there was statistically significant increase in mean survival rate which was 30.30% At 3 months, 67.26% at 6 months and 78.15% at 12 months. In group B, there was a significant increase in mean survival rate being 30.14% at 3 months, 58.75% at 6 months and 69.74% at 12 months. There was no significant difference between both groups at anytime during follow up period. CONCLUSION FUE is a preferred procedure for hair restoration in CA with few side effects. The role of PRP in HT is controversial. In the present study, PRP does not significantly affect the survival rate of hair grafts.
Use of autologous platelet-rich plasma in androgenetic alopecia in women: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Oliveira AFQ, Arcanjo FPN, Rodrigues MRP, Rosa E Silva AA, Hall PR
The Journal of dermatological treatment. 2022;:1-17
OBJECTIVE To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to verify the efficacy of using autologous PRP in female pattern alopecia. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov and EMBASE up to May 2021. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION We identified all studies evaluating the effect of PRP in female pattern alopecia. A narrative synthesis was performed from data on the efficacy of PRP treatment and adverse effects; quantitative results of PRP use compared to control treatment for female AGA were synthesized. The outcomes analyzed were terminal density and hair thickness. RESULTS Seven articles were selected for this review. Meta-analysis showed that PRP-based interventions were able to increase terminal hair density compared to control (SMD =2.98, 95% CI =1.10, 4.85), with no significant increase in hair thickness (SMD =1.16, 95% CI = -0.96, 3.28). During and after treatment, no major side effects were reported by patients or researchers. CONCLUSION The use of autologous PRP injections in female AGA seems to be promising, with more consistent results on terminal hair density. However, caution is recommended in the interpretation of these results until they can be replicated in larger and more representative samples. PROSPERO registration number CRD42021257154.
The effect of placebo in split-scalp and whole-head platelet-rich plasma trials for androgenetic alopecia differs: Findings from a systematic review with quantitative evidence syntheses
Gupta AK, Bamimore MA
Journal of cosmetic dermatology. 2022
BACKGROUND Some studies have shown that platelet-rich plasma (PRP) improves androgenetic alopecia (AGA)-while others do not. We determined whether the placebo effect significantly varies between split-scalp and whole-head trials on PRP monotherapy for AGA. Our rationale was based on the plausibility of PRP diffusing to the control (i.e., 'placebo') side of split-scalp trials. This is not possible in whole head studies. METHODS We systematically searched the literature for available data. Our choice of analyses and outcomes were determined by the available data. RESULTS Our endpoint was change in total hair density six months after baseline. Our regression showed that total hair density after six months was significantly (p<0.05) higher in the placebo arm of split-scalp trials, compared to whole-head studies, by 37 hairs/cm(2) . Our one-arm meta-analyses showed that the pooled change in total hair density between the PRP side and placebo side in split scalp studies was -3 hairs/cm(2) (p=0.37), that is, a slight decrease in hair density in the placebo side of the scalp. For whole head stdies the corresponding difference in total hair density between patients receiving PRP and those on placebo was -30 hairs/cm(2) (p=0.000017), that is, a much larger decrease in hair density. Patients in the placebo group in whole-head trials lost significantly more hair than in the placebo side of the split-head trials where hair loss was comparatively reduced-presumably because of PRP diffusing from the treatment side of the scalp. CONCLUSIONS The association between design (i.e., split-scalp vs. whole-head) and outcome, in placebo arms of AGA trials on PRP monotherapy, had never been reported. This 'design effect' could partly reconcile the incongruent conclusions across the PRP literature for AGA; furthermore, clinical guidelines can consider 'design effect' when selecting evidence to base care practices on.
Platelet-Rich Plasma in Alopecia Areata-A Steroid-Free Treatment Modality: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials
Meznerics FA, Illés K, Dembrovszky F, Fehérvári P, Kemény LV, Kovács KD, Wikonkál NM, Csupor D, Hegyi P, Bánvölgyi A
BACKGROUND Alopecia areata (AA) is a chronic autoimmune condition that can lead to a serious deterioration in patients' quality of life. The first line of treatment in patchy AA is triamcinolone acetonide (TrA); however, the efficacy of the treatment varies greatly. Our aim was to investigate the therapeutic effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the treatment of AA. METHOD We performed a systematic literature search in four databases. Randomized clinical trials (RCT) reporting on patients with AA treated with PRP were included, comparing PRP with TrA or a placebo. The primary outcome was the Severity of Alopecia Tool (SALT) score. RESULTS Our systematic search provided a total of 2747 articles. We identified four studies eligible for quantitative analysis. The pooled mean differences from the four studies did not exhibit a significant difference in the mean change in the SALT score when PRP and TrA groups were compared (MD =-2.04, CI: -4.72-0.65; I(2) = 80.4%, p = 0.14). CONCLUSIONS PRP is a promising topical, steroid-free treatment modality in the therapy of AA. No significant difference was found between PRP and TrA treatment; however, further high-quality RCTs are needed to further assess the efficacy of PRP treatment and strengthen the quality of evidence.