Autologous Whole-Blood Versus Corticosteroid Local Injection in Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis: A Randomized Single Blind Placebo-Controlled Study
BACKGROUND Autologous whole-blood intralesional injection has attracted interest as a possible means of treatment for chronic plantar fasciitis. We contrasted its effectiveness with that of corticosteroids, which have a longer history of success in treating tendinopathies such as plantar fasciitis. In order to monitor the disease's progress naturally, we also compared them with a placebo. METHODS Sixty clinically diagnosed patients were taken up for intralesional injection of autologous whole blood (AWB), corticosteroid, and normal saline as placebo mixed with 2 mL of lignocaine after dividing them into three groups. Two doses were given and followed up in the third, sixth, and 12th weeks. The evaluation was done according to the visual analog scale (VAS) and the number of tablets of paracetamol (PCM) 500 mg consumed for the following period. RESULTS When compared to the placebo group in the third, sixth, and 12th weeks, the corticosteroid group exhibited a significant improvement with a p<0.001 in the VAS score, whereas the autologous whole blood group showed no meaningful difference. When compared to the placebo group at the sixth and 12th weeks, the AWB group's VAS score showed a statistically significant difference with a p>0.001. At each follow-up, the placebo group consumed more analgesics than the corticosteroid group, with a p<0.001. Only in the third week of follow-up did AWB demonstrate a statistically significant difference in PCM consumption as compared to the corticosteroid group. CONCLUSION Statistically significant improvement was seen in both the AWB group and corticosteroid group as compared to the placebo group. The corticosteroid group achieved earlier and superior relief of pain while AWB had a longer lasting effect. Therefore, study results indicate almost similar results in short-term studies.
The effects of inclusion of minimal-dose corticosteroid in autologous whole blood and dextrose injection for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis
Journal of back and musculoskeletal rehabilitation. 2021
BACKGOUND Lateral epicondylitis (LE) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders that causes pain. OBJECTIVES We evaluated the effect of the inclusion of a minimal dose of corticosteroid in a solution comprising autologous whole blood (AWB), 20% dextrose, and 2% lidocaine for treating LE. METHODS In this randomized prospective trial LE patients were allocated to the CS+ group (n= 70; solution comprising 1 mL AWB, 1 mL 20% dextrose, 0.4 mL 2% lidocaine, and 0.1 mL (0.4 mg) dexamethasone palmitate; injected into the common wrist extensor tendon) or the CS- group (n= 70; same solution as above but without dexamethasone palmitate). Five injections were administered at monthly intervals. At each visit, pain intensity was evaluated using the numeric rating scale (NRS), and grip strength was measured using a hand-grip dynamometer. RESULTS In the CS+ and CS- groups, 1 and 10 patients dropped out, respectively. In both groups, the NRS scores at each evaluation were significantly lower than the pretreatment scores. The NRS scores from pretreatment to the second and third visits were significantly lower in the CS+ group than those in the CS- group. However, at the fourth and fifth visits, and 6 months after the last injection (the sixth visit), the degree of pain reduction between the groups was not significantly different. Grip strength increased significantly over time in both groups. At each evaluation, grip strength was significantly higher than that at the pretreatment stage. However, the degree of increase was not significantly different between groups. CONCLUSIONS The inclusion of a minimal dose of corticosteroid in the AWB and 20% dextrose injection can reduce pain, especially during early treatment.
Autologous whole blood or corticosteroid injections for the treatment of epicondylopathy and plantar fasciopathy? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Physical Therapy in Sport : Official Journal of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Sports Medicine. 2016;22:114-122
OBJECTIVES To compare the efficacy of autologous whole blood with that of corticosteroid injections on epicondylopathy and plantar fasciopathy. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS The databases of PubMed, Web of Science, CENTRAL, and Scopus were searched up to 6th May 2015. Randomized trials comparing the effects of autologous whole blood and corticosteroid injections on epicondylopathy or plantar fasciopathy were included. Trials exploring the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma were excluded. The primary outcome was pain relief. The secondary outcome included the assessment of composite outcomes. All outcomes were assessed at 2-6 (short-term) weeks, 8-13 (intermediate-term) weeks and 24-26 (medium-term) weeks. Quality assessment was performed with the Cochrane risk of bias tool. RESULTS Nine trials were included. For pain relief, there was a statistically significant difference in favour of corticosteroids in the short term (SMD 0.52; 95%CIs 0.18 to 0.86; I2 = 53%; p < 0.01). A statistically significant difference in favour of autologous whole blood was indicated in the medium-term assessment of pain relief on epicondylopathy. CONCLUSIONS Corticosteroids were marginally superior to autologous whole blood in relieving pain on plantar fasciopathy at 2-6 weeks. Autologous whole blood provided significant clinical relief on epicondylopathy at 8-24 weeks. Conclusions were limited by the risk of bias.
Autologous whole blood versus corticosteroid local injection in treatment of plantar fasciitis: a randomized, controlled multicenter clinical trial
Clinical Rheumatology. 2016;36((3):):661-669
Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain. Local injection modalities are among treatment options in patients with resistant pain. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of local autologous whole blood compared with corticosteroid local injection in treatment of plantar fasciitis. In this randomized controlled multicenter study, 36 patients with chronic plantar fasciitis were recruited. Patients were allocated randomly into three treatment groups: local autologous blood, local corticosteroid injection, and control groups receiving no injection. Patients were assessed with visual analog scale (VAS), pressure pain threshold (PPT), and plantar fasciitis pain/disability scale (PFPS) before treatment, as well as 4 and 12 weeks post therapy. Variables of pain and function improved significantly in both corticosteroid and autologous blood groups compared to control group. At 4 weeks following treatment, patients in corticosteroid group had significantly lower levels of pain than patients in autologous blood and control groups (higher PPT level, lower PFPS, and VAS). After 12 weeks of treatment, both corticosteroid and autologous blood groups had lower average levels of pain than control group. The corticosteroid group showed an early sharp and then more gradual improvement in pain scores, but autologous blood group had a steady gradual drop in pain. Autologous whole blood and corticosteroid local injection can both be considered as effective methods in the treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis. These treatments decrease pain and significantly improve function compared to no treatment.