Impact of Intravenous Iron Substitution on Serum Phosphate Levels and Bone Turnover Markers-An Open-Label Pilot Study
The association between intravenous iron substitution therapy and hypophosphatemia was previously reported in patients with iron deficiency anemia. However, the extent of hypophosphatemia is thought to depend on the type of iron supplementation. We hypothesized that the intravenous application of ferric carboxymaltose and iron sucrose leads to a different longitudinal adaptation in serum phosphate levels. In this open-label pilot study, a total of 20 patients with inflammatory bowel diseases or iron deficiency anemia were randomly assigned to one of two study groups (group 1: ferric carboxymaltose, n = 10; group 2: iron sucrose, n = 10). Serum values were controlled before iron substitution therapy, as well as 2, 4, and 12 weeks after the last drug administration. The primary objective of the study was the longitudinal evaluation of serum phosphate levels after iron substitution therapy with ferric carboxymaltose and iron sucrose. The secondary objective was the longitudinal investigation of calcium, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), intact parathyroid hormone, procollagen type 1 amino-terminal propeptide (P1NP), beta-CrossLaps (CTX), hemoglobin (Hb), iron, ferritin, and transferrin saturation levels. Two weeks after drug administration, phosphate levels were significantly lower (p < 0.001) in group 1 and ferritin levels were significantly higher (p < 0.001) in group 1. Phosphate levels (0.8-1.45 mmol/L) were below the therapeutic threshold and ferritin levels (10-200 ng/mL for women and 30-300 ng/mL for men) were above the therapeutic threshold in group 1. P1NP (15-59 µg/L) and CTX (<0.57 ng/mL) levels were above the therapeutic threshold in group 2. Four weeks after drug administration, significant differences were still observed between both study groups for phosphate (p = 0.043) and ferritin (p = 0.0009). All serum values except for Hb were within the therapeutic thresholds. Twelve weeks after drug administration, no differences were observed in all serum values between both study groups. Hb values were within the therapeutic threshold in both study groups. Serum 25(OH)D levels did not differ between both study groups throughout the whole study period and remained within the therapeutic threshold.
A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Topical Tranexamic Acid versus Topical Vasoconstrictors in the Management of Epistaxis
Current pharmaceutical design. 2023
OBJECTIVE We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of topical tranexamic acid (TXA) versus topical vasoconstrictors in the management of epistaxis via a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) standards were followed for the meta-analysis. We systematically searched Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CNKI, and PubMed for randomized controlled trials (from inception to August 2022; no language restrictions), comparing the effect of topical TXA and topical vasoconstrictors on the treatment of epistaxis. The Q test was used to evaluate heterogeneity, and funnel plots were utilized to identify bias. For the meta-analysis, the fixed-effects model was employed, and the t-test was utilized to determine significance. RESULTS Of 1012 identified studies, 5 were found to be eligible for our analysis. In total, 598 patients were included; 297 of them received TXA and 301 received vasoconstrictors. Hemostasis was more likely to be achieved at the first re-assessment in patients treated with TXA. Subgroup analysis indicated patients treated with TXA to have less likelihood of bleeding recurrence, compared to patients treated with vasoconstrictors. The detected time interval of rebleeding was 10 min, between 24h to 72h, and after 7 days, respectively, and the differences were significant between the two groups of patients treated with TXA and vasoconstrictors. CONCLUSION Topical TXA was associated with better post-treatment hemorrhagic arrest rates compared to topical vasoconstrictors in the management of epistaxis.
Deferoxamine in intracerebral hemorrhage: Systematic review and meta-analysis
Clinical neurology and neurosurgery. 2023;227:107634
BACKGROUND Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a stroke with a high morbidity and mortality rate. Deferoxamine (DFX) is thought to be effective in treating Intracerebral Hemorrhage. In our study, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the treatment effects of DFX. METHODS We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database in Jan 2022 for studies on DFX for ICH patients. Outcome measures included relative hematoma volume, relative edema volume, good neurological functional outcome and adverse events. Odds risk (OR) and weighted mean difference (WMD) were used to evaluate clinical outcomes. RESULTS After searching 636 articles, 4 RCTs, 2 NRCTs, and 1cohort study were included. We found that DFX was effective in hematoma absorption on day 7 after onset, but the difference was not significant on day 14. DFX could suppress edema expansion on days 3, 7, and 14 after onset. DFX did not contribute to better outcomes after 3 and 6 months when used the modified Rankin Scale and the Glasgow Outcome Scale to evaluate neurological prognosis. The pooled results showed no statistically significant difference in Serious adverse events between the experimental and control groups. CONCLUSIONS DFX could limit edema expansion on days 3, 7, and 14 after commencement and facilitate hematoma absorption at week 1 without significantly increasing the risk of adverse events, but it did not improve neurological prognosis.
Patients with intracerebral haemorrhage (n= 7 studies).
Outcome measures included relative haematoma volume, relative oedema volume, good neurological functional outcome and adverse events. DFX was effective in haematoma absorption on day 7 after onset, but the difference was not significant on day 14. DFX could suppress oedema expansion on days 3, 7, and 14 after onset. DFX did not contribute to better outcomes after 3 and 6 months when used the modified Rankin Scale and the Glasgow Outcome Scale to evaluate neurological prognosis. The pooled results showed no statistically significant difference in serious adverse events between the experimental and control groups.
Effects of Platelet-Rich Plasma in Tear Size Reduction in Partial-Thickness Tear of the Supraspinatus Tendon Compared to Corticosteroids Injection
Sports medicine - open. 2023;9(1):11
OBJECTIVES Corticosteroid (CS) injection is commonly used in partial-thickness rotator cuff tears to decrease pain. However, this could result in unwanted side effects, such as tendon rupture. Alternatively, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection is frequently used to treat tendinopathies because it enhances healing. This study aimed to compare the differences in tear size and functional scores between intralesional PRP and subacromial CS injections. METHODS Patients with symptomatic partial-thickness tears of the supraspinatus tendon who underwent conservative treatment for ≥ 3 months were enrolled. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to confirm the diagnosis. Fourteen and 15 patients were randomized to receive intralesional PRP and subacromial CS injections, respectively. Tears were measured in the coronal and sagittal planes. The patients underwent another MRI 6 months after the injection. Tear size was compared between the two MRI results. The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Shoulder score (ASES) and Constant-Murley score (CMS) were also obtained. RESULTS The baseline data were similar between the groups. In the coronal plane, PRP and CS showed tear size reductions of 3.39 mm (P = 0.003) and 1.10 mm (P = 0.18), respectively. In the sagittal plane, PRP and CS showed tear size reductions of 2.97 mm (P = 0.001) and 0.76 mm (P = 0.29), respectively. Functional scores improved 6 months after injection in both groups, but PRP showed better functional scores than CS (P = 0.002 for ASES, P = 0.02 for CS). CONCLUSION Intralesional PRP injection can reduce the tear size in partial-thickness tears of the supraspinatus tendon. Subacromial steroid injection did not significantly affect the tear size. While CS improved functional scores compared with baseline, PRP resulted in better improvement 6 months post-injection. Trial registration Thai Clinical Trials Registry, TCTR20210428004. Registered 28 April 2021-retrospectively registered, TCTR20210428004 .
Platelet-rich Plasma for the Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Clinical Trial
The Journal of urology. 2023;:101097ju0000000000003481
PURPOSE We assessed the safety and efficacy of 2 injections of platelet-rich plasma for treating mild to moderate erectile dysfunction by conducting a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS Men with mild to moderate erectile dysfunction (International Index of Erectile Function scores 11-25) were randomized to receive either 2 injections of platelet-rich plasma or placebo separated by 1 month. Primary outcome was percentage of men meeting minimum clinically important difference at 1 month after the second injection. Secondary outcomes were change in International Index of Erectile Function at 1, 3, and 6 months, and changes in penile vascular parameters and adverse events at 6 months. RESULTS We randomized 61 men: 28 into platelet-rich plasma and 33 into placebo. There was no difference between groups in percentage of men meeting minimum clinically important difference at 1 month: 14 (58.3%) in platelet-rich plasma vs 15 (53.6%) in placebo (P = .730). Mean International Index of Erectile Function-Erectile Function domain changed from 17.4 (95% CI 15.8-19.0) to 21 (17.9-24.0) at 1 month in men receiving platelet-rich plasma, vs 18.6 (17.3-19.8) to 21.6 (19.1-24.1) in the placebo group; however, there was no significant difference between groups (P = .756). There were no major adverse events and only 1 minor adverse event in each group. There were no changes in penile Doppler parameters from baseline to 6 months. CONCLUSIONS The results of our prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial suggest that 2 injections of intracavernosal platelet-rich plasma separated by 1 month in men with mild to moderate erectile dysfunction is safe, but we found no difference in efficacy between platelet-rich plasma and placebo.
Impact of autologous platelet concentrates on wound area reduction: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
International wound journal. 2023
This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the impact of autologous platelet concentrates (APCs) on wound area reduction based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs). A comprehensive search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library to identify relevant literature. The primary outcome measure was the percentage of wound area reduction. Secondary outcome measures included wound healing time and the incidence of infection. A total of 14 studies were included in the meta-analysis. The results showed that the percentage of wound area reduction was significantly greater in the APCs group compared to conventional treatments (standardized mean difference [SMD] 1.98, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.27-2.68, p < 0.001). Subgroup analysis revealed that the percentage of wound area reduction varied based on wound location, follow-up duration, and type of APCs used. The healing time and incidence of infection presented no significant difference between the two groups. The findings suggest that APCs can effectively reduce wound areas when compared to conventional treatments, without increasing the risk of infection. In addition, the effectiveness of APCs in wound area reduction may vary depending on factors such as wound location, type of APCs used, and follow-up duration.
Three doses of PRP therapy may be more effective than one dose of Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) in the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association. 2023
PURPOSE This study aims to compare the efficacy of a single dose of Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) with multiple doses of PRP therapy in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). METHODS PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, SCOPUS, Cochrane Library, grey literature and bibliographic references were searched from inception to May 2022. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effect of single versus multiple doses of PRP for KOA were included. Literature retrieval and data extraction were conducted by three independent reviewers. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were based on type of study, research subjects, intervention, outcome, language and availability of data. Pooled analysis of Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) scores and adverse events were conducted. RESULTS Seven studies (all RCTs) of high methodological quality involving 575 patients were included. Age of patients included in this study ranged from 20 to 80, with a balanced gender ratio. Single dose PRP therapy resulted in significantly better VAS scores compared to triple dose PRP therapy at 12 months (P<0. 0001), with no significant change in VAS scores between double and single dose PRP at 12 months. Regarding adverse events, double dose (P=0.28) and triple dose (P=0.24) therapy had no significant differences in safety from single dose therapy. CONCLUSION While there is a paucity of large high-quality Level I studies, current best evidence suggests that two or three doses of PRP for KOA are as effective as one dose of PRP at providing pain relief and improvement in function up to 1 year following administration.
Intravenous ferric carboxymaltose versus oral ferrous sulfate replacement in elderly patients after acute non-variceal gastrointestinal bleeding (FIERCE): protocol of a multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial
BMJ open. 2023;13(3):e063554
INTRODUCTION Acute gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) is a life-threatening emergency with a critical economic burden. As a result of bleeding, anaemia often requires intravenous or oral iron supplementation. Elderly patients are even more prone to untoward outcomes after hospital discharge if iron supplementation is inefficient. There is a gap in current guidelines on which supplementation route clinicians should choose. We aim to investigate the effect of one dose of intravenous iron therapy versus 3-month oral iron administration on anaemia in an elderly population. METHODS AND ANALYSIS The FIERCE study is an open-label, randomised controlled, two-armed trial. At least 48 hours after the acute non-variceal GIB treatment, patients will be recruited in participating centres. A random sequence generator will allocate the participants to group A (intravenous ferric carboxymaltose, 1000 mg) or group B (oral ferrous sulfate (FS), ca. 200 mg every day) with an allocation ratio of 1:1 on the day of the planned discharge from the hospital. Randomisation will be stratified for participating centres and the need for transfusion within the same hospitalisation before recruitment to the trial. Quality of life assessment, functional measurement and laboratory tests will be performed at baseline, 1 and 3 months±7 days after enrolment to the trial. The primary endpoint is a composite endpoint, including all-cause mortality, anaemia-associated unplanned emergency visit and anaemia-associated unplanned hospital admission within 3 months of enrolment in the trial. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION The study has been approved by the relevant organisation, the Scientific and Research Ethics Committee of the Hungarian Medical Research Council (46395-5/2021/EÜIG). We will disseminate our results to the medical community and will publish our results in peer-reviewed journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION The trial has been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT05060731).
Comparative efficacy of growth factor therapy in healing diabetes-related foot ulcers: A network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Diabetes/metabolism research and reviews. 2023;:e3670
INTRODUCTION This study examined the relative efficacy of growth factor therapies in healing diabetes-related foot ulcers (DFU). METHODS PubMed and Cochrane databases were searched for randomized controlled trials testing growth factor therapies for treating DFU. The primary outcome was complete wound closure. Results were reported as relative risk (RR) ± 95% credible intervals (CrI). The risk of bias was assessed using Cochrane's RoB-2 tool. RESULTS A total of 31 RCTs involving 2174 participants were included. Only 13 of the trials (n = 924) reported on the aetiology of the ulcers (85.4% neuropathic and 14.6% ischaemic). Epidermal growth factor (RR 3.83; 95% CrI 1.81, 9.10), plasma-rich protein (PRP) (RR 3.36; 95% CrI 1.66, 8.03) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) (RR 2.47; 95% CrI 1.23, 5.17) significantly improved the likelihood of complete ulcer healing compared to control. Sub-analyses suggested that PRP (3 trials - RR 9.69; 95% CrI 1.37, 103.37) and PDGF (6 trials - RR 2.22; 95% CrI 1.12, 5.19) significantly improved the likelihood of wound closure amongst trial mainly recruiting participants with neuropathic ulcers. Eleven trials had a low risk of bias, 9 had some concerns and 11 had a high risk of bias. Sub-analysis of trials with a low risk of bias suggested that none of the growth factors significantly improved ulcer healing compared with control. DISCUSSION This network meta-analysis found low-quality evidence that Epidermal growth factor, PRP and PDGF therapy improved DFU healing likelihood compared with control. Larger well-designed trials are needed.
Effect of Platelet-Rich Plasma and other Key Factors on Hair Follicle Preservation
International journal of trichology. 2023;15(2):50-55
BACKGROUND Hair graft preservation is an important factor that influences graft survival in hair transplantation. OBJECTIVE To investigate the benefits of adding platelet-rich plasma (PRP), and the effect of different storage solutions and temperatures on hair follicle preservation. MATERIALS AND METHODS This randomized-controlled study included 10 androgenetic alopecia patients who underwent hair transplantation. Forty-five hair grafts were collected from each patient and then randomized to 8 different culture conditions for 7 days. Hair grafts were cultured in Williams' Medium E or Ringer's lactate solution (RLS) at either 4°C or 37°C, and with or without 10% PRP supplementation. RESULTS In vitro hair growth in Williams' Medium E was significantly greater than in RLS. The 37°C temperature condition was found to be significantly better than the 4°C condition. The growth of hair grafts cultured with PRP was not significance difference from those without PRP. However, immunofluorescence staining for cytokeratin 15 showed greater expression in hair graft cultured with PRP. CONCLUSION PRP may have a beneficial effect for preserving the viability of hair grafts. Williams' Medium E and 37°C temperature were found to be superior to RLS and 4°C relative to hair follicle growth in organ culture.