Usefulness of hemostatic sealants for minimizing ovarian damage during laparoscopic cystectomy for endometriosis
The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research. 2017;44((3):):532-539
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the impact of topical hemostatic sealants and bipolar coagulation during laparoscopic ovarian endometriotic cyst resection on ovarian reserve by comparing the rates of decrease in anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH). METHODS A randomized prospective data collection was made on women aged 19-45 years who planned to have laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy at one of two institutions (n = 80), Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Seoul, Korea or National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea, from January 2014 to April 2016. Patients were randomly divided into two groups treated with either a topical hemostatic sealant or bipolar coagulation for hemostasis. The hemostatic group was randomized to the FloSeal or TachoSil subgroups. Preoperative and 3-month postoperative AMH levels were checked and the rates of decrease of AMH were compared. All patients enrolled were treated with dienogest (Visanne) for 6-12 months. None were lost to follow-up at postoperative 3 months, but about one-third of the patients had been lost to follow-up by 6-12 months. RESULTS AMH was significantly decreased in both groups 3 months postoperatively; however, the rate of decrease in the bipolar coagulation group was greater than that in the hemostatic sealant group, 41.9% (interquartile range [IQR], 22.29-65.24) versus 18.1% (IQR, 10.94-29.90), P = 0.007. Between the two hemostatic subgroups, there was no significant difference in AMH decrease rate, 14.95% (IQR, 11.34-21.21) versus 18.1% (IQR 9.76-40.70), P = 0.204. CONCLUSION Hemostatic sealants may be an alternative to bipolar coagulation for preservation of ovarian reserve after laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy for endometriosis.
Prevention of lymphocele in female pelvic lymphadenectomy by a collagen patch coated with the human coagulation factors: a pilot study
Journal of Surgical Oncology. 2012;105((8):):835-40.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The prevention of lymphoceles was tested using collagen patch coated with the human coagulation factors (TachoSil) on 58 consecutive patients with endometrial cancer who had undergone hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy (PL). METHODS Patients were randomized in two groups: standard technique plus TachoSil (30 patients, group 1) and standard technique only (28, group 2). All surgical parameters were collected and patients underwent ultrasound examination on postoperative days 7, 14, and 28. The main outcome measures were: the development of symptomatic or asymptomatic lymphoceles, the need for further surgical intervention, as adverse effect of surgery and the drainage volume and duration. RESULTS Same number of lymph nodes in both groups was removed; group 1 showed a lower drainage volume. Lymphoceles developed in 7 patients in group 1 and 16 in group 2, but only 3 were symptomatic in group 1 and 9 symptomatic in group 2, with statistical difference. Percutaneous drainage proved necessary in five cases: only one was in group 1 and four in group 2. CONCLUSIONS Intraoperative application of TachoSil reduced rate of postoperative lymphocysts after PL, and it seems to provide a useful additional treatment option for reducing drainage volume and preventing lymphocele development after PL. Copyright 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Fibrin application for preventing lymphocysts after retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy in patients with gynecologic malignancies
Gynecologic Oncology. 2002;84((1):):43-6.
OBJECTIVE We performed a randomized, prospective trial to assess the impact of fibrin glue on the incidence of lymphocysts after systematic pelvic or pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy in patients with gynecologic malignancies. METHODS Ninety-three consecutive patients with gynecologic pelvic malignancies who underwent surgery including pelvic or pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy were randomized during surgery to be treated with fibrin glue or not. Serial computed tomography (CT) scans were performed during follow-up. CT findings of a smooth and thin-walled cavity filled with a water-equivalent fluid, sharply demarcated from its surroundings and without signs of infiltration were interpreted as lymphocysts. RESULTS Forty-seven patients (51%) were treated with fibrin glue and 46 (49%) were not. All 93 patients underwent pelvic lymphadenectomy; 15 patients (32%) of the fibrin group and 12 (26%) of the controls also underwent paraaortic lymphadenectomy. We found no significant differences between patients who received fibrin glue and those who did not. CONCLUSION Intraoperative application of fibrin glue did not reduce the rate of postoperative lymphocysts after lymphadenectomy and had no impact on any follow-up parameter. Its use seems not to be indicated in systematic gynecologic pelvic or pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy.
Isovolemic hemodilution alters the ratio of whole-body to large-vessel hematocrit (F-cell ratio). A prospective, randomized study comparing the volume effects of hydroxyethyl starch 200,000/0.62 and albumin
Infusionstherapie und Transfusionsmedizin. 1995;22((2):):74-80.
OBJECTIVE To evaluate potential changes in the ratio of whole-body/large-vessel hematocrit (f-cell ratio) during isovolemic hemodilution and to compare the volume effects of 2 different plasma exchange solutions (hydroxyethyl starch 200,000/0.62 6% and human albumin 5%). DESIGN Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING Operating theater in a university hospital. PATIENTS 24 gynecological patients scheduled for elective surgery. INTERVENTIONS Isovolemic hemodilution was performed using 2 different plasma exchange solutions. Plasma volume was determined using dye dilution technique before and after hemodilution. The volume of withdrawn blood was measured from the change in weight of the blood bags taking into account the specific gravity of blood. RESULTS The volume of administered plasma exchange solutions exceeded the amount of withdrawn blood by 80 +/- 47 ml (p < 0.001). Plasma volume was 3,067 +/- 327 ml before and 3,517 +/- 458 ml after hemodilution. Using red cell volumes calculated from measured plasma volumes and peripheral hematocrit, a deficit of 249 +/- 133 ml (p < 0.0001) in red cells after hemodilution appeared with the measured withdrawn red cell volumes taken into account. This finding can be explained by a change in the f-cell ratio during isovolemic hemodilution. The volume effect of the exchange solutions was 1.05 for hydroxyethyl starch and 0.95 for albumin. CONCLUSIONS The results demonstrate that a change in the f-cell ratio occurs during isovolemic hemodilution. The estimation of red cell volume or plasma volume changes by using either the hematocrit or plasma or red cell volume determinations together with the hematocrit may lead to erroneous results.